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Abstract Autonomous ships require an awareness system to recognize surrounding obstacles during navigation. In general, the awareness system uses data obtained by sensors such as RADAR (RAdio Detection And Ranging) and AIS (Automatic Identification System). However, autonomous ships operating in the marine environment should recognize small obstacles, including buoys that cannot be detected by RADAR and boats without the AIS system. Just as the tracking accuracy is improved by the fusion of sensors with different characteristics, a camera with a wide-angle of view or a camera capable of night detection can complement each other. In addition, tracking accuracy can be further improved if camera images from multiple viewpoints can be used in the case of detection through multiple ships. Therefore, in this study, camera-based detection and tracking methods were developed to be aware of marine obstacles that could not be recognized by RADAR or AIS. Firstly, the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) based YOLO v5 model, combined with an attention module, was suggested for obstacle detection. Subsequently, the position and speed of the detected obstacles were tracked using the extended Kalman Filter. Finally, the tracks of the obstacles from various cameras mounted on multiple ships were integrated using the sensor fusion method to increase the accuracy. The field tests were conducted with a USV (Unmanned Surface Vessel) for various ship encountering scenarios to verify the developed methods in the actual marine environment. As a result, it was confirmed that stable and accurate detection and tracking of marine obstacles was performed using multiple cameras.
Publication Date 2022-04-28

Jeong-Ho Park, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Yeong-Min Jo, Nam-Sun Son, "Detection and Tracking Methods of Maritime Obstacles Using Multiple Cameras", Proceedings of ICDM(International Conference on Decarbonization and Digitalization in Marine Engineering) 2022, Siheung, Korea, 2022.04.28-29


List of Articles
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121 International Conference Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Kwang Phil Park, Heung Won Suh, "Development of an Integrated Simulation Framework and Its Application to Shipbuilding Process Planning", Proceedings of ICCAS(International Conference on Computer Applications in Shipbuilding) 2007, Portsmouth, UK, pp. 283-290, 2007-09.18-20 file 2007-09-18
120 International Conference Ji-Hyun Hwang, Joon-Ho Min, Young-Joo Ahn, Hee-Chang Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimized Methodology to Build an Integrated Solution to Offshore Topside Process Engineering", Proceedings of ISOPE 2008, Vancouver, Canada, 2008.07.06-11 file 2008-07-06
119 International Conference Ju-Hwan Cha, Seung-Ho Ham, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Kwang-Pil Park, Heung-Won Suh, "Discrete Event/Discrete Time Simulation of Block Erection by a Floating Crane based on Multibody System Dynamics", Proceedings of ISOPE 2009, Osaka, Japan file 2009-06-21
118 International Conference Ji-Hyun Hwang, Ju-Hwan Cha, Seung-Ho Ham, Bo-Ram Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Establishment of Offshore Process FEED Method for Oil-Based FPSO Topsides Systems", Proceedings of ISOPE 2009, Osaka, Japan, pp. 144-150, 2009.06.21-26 file 2009-06-21
117 International Conference Ji-Hyun Hwang, Young-Joo Ahn, Joon-Ho Min, Gwang-No Lee, Ho-Jin Jeong, Mung-Yu Kim, Hee-Chang Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Application of an Integrated Basic Process Engineering Solution to Generic LNG FPSO Topsides", Proceedings of ISOPE 2009 file 2009-06-21
116 International Conference John-Kyu Hwang, Geun-Jae Bang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Detailed Design and Construction of the Hull of an FPSO(Floating, Production, Storage, and Off-loading unit)", Proceedings of ISOPE 2009, Osaka, Japan, pp. 151-158, 2009.06.21-26 file 2009-06-21
115 International Conference Bo-Hyun Lee, Kyoung-Sik Chang, Bum-Sang Yoon, Joo-Sung Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "Large Eddy Simulation of Fully Turbulent Channel Flow Using Variational Multiscale Method", Proceedings of the 23rd Asian-Pacific TEAM(Technical Exchange and Advisory Meeting on Marine Structures) 2009, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, pp. 93-97, 2009.11.30-12.03 file 2009-11-30
114 International Conference Yoon-Nam An, Joo-Sung Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Bum-Sang Yoon, Kyoung-Sik Chang, "Parametric Study of Isogeometric Analysis Using NURBS", Proceedings of the 23rd Asian-Pacific TEAM(Technical Exchange and Advisory Meeting on Marine Structures) 2009, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, pp. 169-173, 2009.11.30-12.03 file 2009-11-30
113 International Conference Yoon-Nam An, Joo-Sung Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Bum-Sang Yoon, Kyoung-Sik Chang, "Parametric Study of Mesh Refinement in Isogeometric Analysis", Proceedings of ISOPE(International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers) 2010, Beijing, China, pp. 809-812, 2010.06.20-26 file 2010-06-20
112 International Conference Yoon-Nam An, Joo-Sung Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Bum-Sang Yoon, Kyoung-Sik Chang, "Shape Optimization of Structural Member Based on Isogeometry Concept", Proceedings of the 24th Asian-Pacific TEAM(Technical Exchange and Advisory Meeting on Marine Structures) 2010, Vladivostok, Russia, pp. 343-348, 2010.08.23-26 file 2010-08-23
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