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Abstract Autonomous ships require an awareness system to recognize surrounding obstacles during navigation. In general, the awareness system uses data obtained by sensors such as RADAR (RAdio Detection And Ranging) and AIS (Automatic Identification System). However, autonomous ships operating in the marine environment should recognize small obstacles, including buoys that cannot be detected by RADAR and boats without the AIS system. Just as the tracking accuracy is improved by the fusion of sensors with different characteristics, a camera with a wide-angle of view or a camera capable of night detection can complement each other. In addition, tracking accuracy can be further improved if camera images from multiple viewpoints can be used in the case of detection through multiple ships. Therefore, in this study, camera-based detection and tracking methods were developed to be aware of marine obstacles that could not be recognized by RADAR or AIS. Firstly, the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) based YOLO v5 model, combined with an attention module, was suggested for obstacle detection. Subsequently, the position and speed of the detected obstacles were tracked using the extended Kalman Filter. Finally, the tracks of the obstacles from various cameras mounted on multiple ships were integrated using the sensor fusion method to increase the accuracy. The field tests were conducted with a USV (Unmanned Surface Vessel) for various ship encountering scenarios to verify the developed methods in the actual marine environment. As a result, it was confirmed that stable and accurate detection and tracking of marine obstacles was performed using multiple cameras.
Publication Date 2022-04-28

Jeong-Ho Park, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Yeong-Min Jo, Nam-Sun Son, "Detection and Tracking Methods of Maritime Obstacles Using Multiple Cameras", Proceedings of ICDM(International Conference on Decarbonization and Digitalization in Marine Engineering) 2022, Siheung, Korea, 2022.04.28-29

List of Articles
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121 International Conference Sung-Kyoon Kim, Sol Ha, Seun-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Optimal Layout Method for Offshore Plant Topside Considering the Safey, Operability and Maintanability", Proceedings of IMDC 2015, Tokyo, Japan, 2015.5.11-14 file 2015-05-12
120 International Conference Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Youngsoo Seok, Won-Jae Lee, June-Beom Lee, Hyun Soo Kim, "Image-based Object Detection and Tracking Method for Ship Navigation," Proceedings of ICCAS 2019, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 89-92, 2019.09.24-26 file 2019-09-24
119 International Conference Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Il-Guk Woo, "Image-based Ship Detection and Classification for Unmanned Surface Vehicle Using Real-Time Object Detection Neural Networks", Proceedings of ISOPE 2018, Sapporo, Japan, 2018.06.10-15 file 2018-06-13
118 International Conference Sun-Kyung Jung, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Min Lee, Ki-Su Kim, "Optimal Arrangement Method for Naval Surface Ship Considering the Stability, Operability, and Survivability", Proceedings of ICCAS 2017, Singapore, Singapore, 2017.09.26-28 file 2017-09-26
117 International Conference Sol Ha, Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Route Guidance for Evacuation, Escape and Rescue System at an Offshore Platform Considering Real-time Hazard Avoidance", Proceedings of the 28th Asian-Pacific TEAM 2014, Istanbul, Turkey file 2014-10-15
116 International Conference Sol Ha, Namkug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, "Reliability Analysis Method Using Dynamic Reliability Block Diagram Based on DEVS Formalism," Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Systems Simulation(AsiaSim 2013), Singapore, pp. 219-230, 2013.11.06-08. file 2013-11-06
115 International Conference Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Xing Li, "Evacuation, Escape and Rescue EER Analysis of Offshore Plant Based on Human Behavior Model", Proceedings of OMAE 2014, San Francisco, USA, pp. 1-7, 2014.06.08-13 file 2014-06-10
114 International Conference Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Xing Li, Jung-Woo Hong, Hye-Won Lee, "DEVS-based Scenario Manager of Multibody Dynamics Simulator for Shipbuilding Production Process (WIP)", Proceedings of Spring Simulation Multi-Conference 2014, Tampa, USA, pp. 358-363, 2014.04.13-16 file 2014-04-16
113 International Conference Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Ontological Modeling and Process Simulation of LNG FPSO Liquefaction Cycle based on DEVS Formalism", Proceedings of ISOPE(International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers) 2013, Alaska, USA, pp. 950-958, 2013.06.30-07.05 file 2013-06-30
112 International Conference Sol Ha, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Nam-Kug Ku, "Co-simulation of Multibody System Dynamics and Moving Particle Semi-implicit Method for Heavy Load Lifting Operations in Shipyards", Proceedings of ISOPE 2015, Hawaii, USA, 2015.06.21-26 file 2015-06-25
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