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Abstract For the safe operation of a ship, it is necessary to detect and track nearby ships, called target ships, accurately. To track the target ships, Kalman filters (KF) have been widely used. However, when the system model of the KF, which predicts the motion of the system, may be different from the actual motion of the target ships, the accuracy could decrease. To solve this problem, the Interactive Multi-Model (IMM) method can be adopted, which follows several system models at the same time, but the number of system models that the IMM implements is limited. Therefore, a method that can analyze the actual dynamic behavior of the target ships and track accurately the target ships based on historical data is required. Recently, deep learning has been applied to tracking methods to solve existing problems and improve accuracy. For tracking, the Long-Short Term Memory (LSTM) method is being mainly applied and shows better performance in the marine environment where the motion characteristics of the target ships could change.
In this study, a tracking method based on deep learning is proposed to track nearby target ships. First, we construct a tracking filter using the LSTM-KF method, which combines LSTM and traditional KF. In the LSTM-KF, the system model and system noise of the KF are trained by previous data and predicted using deep learning. There is also a method of constructing an LSTM model that directly produces the track of the target ships as output data. After constructing the tracking filter using LSTM, the tracking filter is trained using the ship’s navigation data. In this study, the proposed method is compared with the tracking results using the traditional KF, and it was confirmed that it works effectively.
Publication Date 2022-11-06
Yeongmin Jo, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Donghun Yu, "A Ship Tracking Method under Dynamic Characteristic Changes with LSTM", Proceedings of G-NAOE 2022, Changwon, Korea, 2022.11.06-10

List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
131 International Conference Kyu-Yeul Lee, Seon-Ho Cho, Myung-Il Roh, "An Efficient Global-Local Hybrid Optimization Method Using Design Sensitivity Analysis", Proceedings of OptiCon 2000, Newport Beach, USA, pp. 1-13, 2000.10.26-27 file 2000-10-26
130 International Conference Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hang-Soon Choi, Woo-Jae Seong, "Development of Hybrid Optimization Method and Its Application to Ship Design Optimization", Proceedings of Pacific 2002 International Maritime Conference, Sydney, Australia, 2002.01.29-31 file 2002-01-29
129 International Conference Won-Joon Lee, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, O-Hwan Kwon, Sung-Geun Lee, "Development of an Initial Hull Structural CAD System for Computer-Aided Process Planning (CAPP)", Proceedings of ICCAS(International Conference on Computer Applications in Shipbuilding) 2002, Malmoe, Sweden, pp. 113-123, 2002.09.09-12 file 2002-09-09
128 International Conference Kyu-Yeul Lee, Sang-Uk Lee, Doo-Yeoun Cho, Myung-Il Roh, Seong-Chan Kang, Jung-Woo Seo, "An Innovative Compartment Modeling and Ship Calculation System", Proceedings of IMDC(International Marine Design Conference) 2003, Athens, Greece, 2003.05.05-08 file 2003-05-07
127 International Conference Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Sang-Uk Lee, Joong-Hyun Rhim, Seong-Chan Kang, Jong-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Youl Lee, "Development of a Hull Structural CAD System for an Initial Design Stage", Proceedings of International Symposium on PRADS(Practical Design of Ships and Other Floating Structures) 2004, Lubeck Travemunde, Germany, pp. 98-105, 2004.09.12-17 file 2004-09-12
126 International Conference Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Generation of Production Information for a Building Block and Simulation of the Block Erection for Computer-Aided Process Planning and Scheduling", Proceedings of IMDC(International Marine Design Conference) 2006, Michigan, USA, pp. 382-395, 2006.05.16-19 file 2006-05-16
125 International Conference Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Seong-Jin Yoo, "An Algorithm for Generating the Hull Structural Analysis Model Using the Seam Information of the Hull Structure", Proceedings of the 2nd PAAMES and AMEC 2006, Jeju, Korea, pp. 399-404, 2006.10.17-20 file 2006-10-17
124 International Conference John-Kyu Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Ji-Hyun Hwang and Ju-Hwan Cha, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Overview on Detailed Design and Construction of 2,000,000BBLS FPSO", Proceedings of Design & Construction of FPU(Floating Production Units) 2007, Suntec, Singapore, pp. 1-6, 2007.04.03 file 2007-04-03
123 International Conference Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, "Development of a Non-linear Optimization Program and Its Applications to Shipbuilding", Proceedings of the 1st Mongolia-Korea Joint Workshop on CAD/CAM, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, pp. 1-5, 2007.07.08-10 file 2007-07-08
122 International Conference Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Kwang Phil Park, Heung Won Suh, "Development of an Integrated Simulation Framework and Its Application to Shipbuilding Process Planning", Proceedings of ICCAS(International Conference on Computer Applications in Shipbuilding) 2007, Portsmouth, UK, pp. 283-290, 2007-09.18-20 file 2007-09-18
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