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Abstract The block erection operations in the shipyards generally include block lifting, transporting, turn-over, and lowering procedure. During the operation, there are potential risks such as interferences with wire ropes, overweight, etc., which can lead to serious accidents. To check such risks in advance, the physics-based simulations are often required before the actual operation. For this, detailed modeling of the equipment and the operation is necessary to reflect the actual situation accurately, which is impossible with conventional modeling methods. Meanwhile, in the actual operation, the position and the orientation of the block should also be precisely controlled to avoid any risks. However, the actual operations are performed manually by the operator, and the cranes used for the erection of the block consist of complex equipment, which makes them difficult to control.
In this study, the detailed modeling of the operation situation and the equipment are introduced for accurate simulation. Then, the control method of the crane is suggested for accurate and efficient control. Firstly, the block turn-over operation by one offshore floating crane (simply, floating crane) and two crawler cranes is simulated considering the interferences between wire ropes and the block. For this, the interaction model between wire rope and the block including contact and friction is suggested. Then, the contact forces exerted on the block are calculated. Secondly, the block lifting by the floating crane is analyzed considering the coupling motion of the floating crane and the mooring system. The interaction among the floating crane, the mooring line, and the seabed is introduced under the various sea condition. Lastly, the control of the floating crane is performed for block lifting, transporting, and turn-over operation. As the floating crane consists of complicated equipment such as booms, equalizers and wire ropes, the control theory of the underactuated mechanical system is adopted. To evaluate the effectiveness and applicability of the proposed method, it was applied to the dynamic analysis of various kinds of block erection operations by using the floating crane. As a result, the proposed method could reflect the actual operation situation properly, and the block was controlled to the desired trajectory.
Publication Date 2020-08-05

Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Method for the Accurate and Automatic Operation of Offshore Floating Cranes for the Block Erection in Shipyards", Proceedings of OMAE(International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering) 2020, Held in Virtual Conference, 2020.08.03-07


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    by SyDLab
    in International Conference

    Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Method for the Accurate and Automatic Operation of Offshore Floating Cranes for the Block Erection in Shipyards", Proceedings of OMAE 2020, Held in Virtual Conference, 2020.08.03-07

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  3. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Optimization of the Arrangement Design of a Ship Considering the Multiple Performance", Proceedings of ACSMO 2020, Seoul, Korea, pp.167, 2020.11.23-25

  4. Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Jin-Hyeok Kim, Min-Chul Kong, Seung-Ho Ham, "Integrated Ship Remote Operating System Based on Digital Twin Technology", Proceedings of TEAM 2019, Tainan, Taiwan, pp.106, 2019.10.14-17

  5. Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Do-Hyun Chun, Sung-Jun Lee, "A Collision Avoidance Method of Multi-ships Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning Considering COLREGs," Proceedings of ICCAS 2019, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 85-88, 2019.09.24-26

  6. Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Seung-Ho Ham, "A Crane Movement Control for Stability of Block Erection Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", MIM 2019, Berlin, Germany, 2019.08.28-30

  7. Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Hoon-Kyu Oh, Sang-Ok Lee, "Optimum Layout Design of Wedges of Panel for an LNG Tank Considering Amount of Resin Ropes", Proeedings of ISOPE 2019, Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. 1289-1292, 2019.06.16-21

  8. Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Young-Soo Seok, and Sung-Jun Lee, "Optimization of a Ship Hull Form using Deep Learning", Proceedings of ACDDE 2019, Penang, Malaysia, 2019.07.07-10

  9. Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Youngsoo Seok, Won-Jae Lee, June-Beom Lee, Hyun Soo Kim, "Image-based Object Detection and Tracking Method for Ship Navigation," Proceedings of ICCAS 2019, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 89-92, 2019.09.24-26

  10. Jong-Hyeok Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Jin-Hyeok Kim, Sung-Jun Lee, Seung-Ho Ham, "Development of a Ship Navigation Simulator Based on Digital Twin Technology", Proceedings of ACDDE 2019, Penang, Malaysia, p. 245, 2019.07.07-10

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