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Abstract Generally, the port is very crowded with towing ships and ships that enter and depart. The crowded environment could cause difficulties in the berthing process which requires precise control. In addition, especially in the case of large ships, the visibility is very limited, and even a small collision of a ship can lead to a significant accident. Therefore, a surround-view camera system can be helpful to recognize the surrounding environment of a ship during the berthing process. A surround-view camera system refers to a system that produces a new viewpoint as if looking down around an object from the sky using images acquired by the multiple cameras attached around the object. Generally, fisheye cameras with a wide viewing angle are used for a surround-view camera system.
In the case of ships, the range of the surround-view camera system is much wider than that of cars, where the surround-view camera system is generally applied. Therefore, the number of cameras required to create a surround-view image is more. Furthermore, as the ships have various shapes and sizes, the design of the number, location, and installation angle of the cameras are very complicated that depend on the experience of the expert.
Therefore, this study proposes an optimization method of the number, location, and installation angle of fisheye cameras to improve the quality of surround-view image with the minimum number of fisheye cameras. The number, position, and installation angle of fisheye cameras were set as design variables to formulate an optimization problem for this purpose. Furthermore, a new evaluation method was introduced for the quantitative evaluation of various surround-view images created by the surround-view camera system. This evaluation method compares the created surround-view image with the actual bird’s eye view image. The objective function was to minimize the difference between the surround-view image and the actual bird’s eye view image using the minimum number of fisheye cameras. The virtual environment, including the ship, fisheye cameras, and the area around the port, was made to create fisheye images of various situations for optimization. The virtual environment was implemented in the context of the design variables using Unity 3D. We developed an integrated system that automatically creates a surround-view image based on the fisheye images from the virtual environment and evaluates the quality of the surround-view image. We applied the proposed method to various examples. As a result, it was confirmed that the proposed method could be used for establishing the optimal surround-view camera system.
Publication Date 2022-11-06

In-Chang Yeo, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Method of the Surround-View Camera System for Automatic Berthing of Ships", Proceedings of G-NAOE 2022, Changwon, Korea, 2022.11.06-10


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
443 Domestic Conference 공민철, 노명일, 김기수, 김종오, 박호균, 김주성, "PDF 문서 내 변수 인식 및 가시화 프로그램 개발", 2022년도 대한조선학회 춘계학술발표회, 제주, p. 198, 2022.06.02-04 file 2022-06-02
» International Conference In-Chang Yeo, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Method of the Surround-View Camera System for Automatic Berthing of Ships", Proceedings of G-NAOE 2022, Changwon, Korea, 2022.11.06-10 2022-11-06
441 International Conference Min-Chul Kong, Myung-Il Roh, Jisang Ha, Jeong-Ho Park, EunSeok Jin, Donghun Yu, "Integrated Navigation Assistance System Using Augmented Reality", Proceedings of G-NAOE 2022, Changwon, Korea, 2022.11.06-10 2022-11-06
440 Domestic Conference 정동근, 노명일, 김기수, 이준식, 김대혁, 장왕석, "쿼드 트리를 이용한 소형선의 항로 계획 방법", 2022년도 대한조선학회 춘계학술발표회, 제주, pp. 526, 2022.06.02-04 file 2022-06-02
439 Domestic Conference 조영민, 노명일, 이혜원, 유동훈, "선박 탐지를 위한 레이더 데이터의 처리 방법", 2022년도 대한조선학회 춘계학술발표회, 제주, pp. 308, 2022.06.02-04 file 2022-06-02
438 Domestic Conference 전도현, 노명일, 여인창, "LNG선 멤브레인 탱크의 최적 설계 방법", 2022년도 대한조선학회 춘계학술발표회, 제주, pp. 411, 2022.06.02-04 file 2022-06-02
437 International Conference Jeong-Ho Park, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Yeong-Min Jo, Nam-Sun Son, "Obstacle Detection and Tracking of Unmanned Surface Vehicles Using Multi-view Images in Marine Environment", Proceedings of ICCAS 2022, Yokohama, Japan, 2022.09.13-15 2022-09-13
436 International Conference Dong-Guen Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Jun-Sik Lee, Dae-Hyuk Kim, Wang-Seok Jang,"A Route Planning Method for Coastal Navigation of Small Ships", Proceedings of ICCAS 2022, Yokohama, Japan, pp. 153-156, 2022.09.13-15 file 2022-09-14
435 International Conference Min-Chul Kong, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Jongoh Kim, Hogyun Park, Jeongyoul Lee, "A Method of Variable Recognition and Connection for Reviewing Ship Regulations", Proceedings of ICCAS 2022, Yokohama, Japan, pp. 171-175, 2022.09.13-15 file 2022-09-14
434 International Conference Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Bo-Woo Nam, "Coupled Analysis of the LNG Offloading Operation Based on Multibody Dynamics", Proceedings of PRADS 2022, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 2022.10.09-13 2022-10-09
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