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Abstract Most ship’s accidents are accompanied by flooding. After accidents, incoming water propagates along with complex compartments of the ship cause of flooding. It makes complicated to design the arrangement of a ship considering flooding. At the intermediate stage of flooding, dynamic effects such as waves, and winds and various factors that make ships motion while flooding can lead to a more severe condition of the ship than the final state. For the robust design, nevertheless, it is necessary to consider the flooding process when designing the arrangement of ships. However, most shipbuilding companies carried out arrangement design only considering the final state of damage that generally induce the flooding. They refer to the previous data of arrangement design and modify some parts of the data for a new ship when needed based on expert’s experiences. In this process, flooding is indirectly reflected in the way of examining the damage stability. To improve the arrangement design considering flooding, we propose an optimal arrangement method of a ship. In this study, for optimal arrangement design of ships, we considered three aspects of stability, vulnerability, and operability for initial arrangement design. To evaluate stability which is the most important part, Position Based Dynamics (PBD) which is a kind of mesh-free particle method was modified and applied. Using PBD, the flowrate of the inflow of water due to flooding was calculated. After, the ship's motion due to flooding in the time domain can be calculated. Objective functions such as the total time to flooding and the severity of motion during flooding were applied. To evaluate the vulnerability, we consider the bulkhead and the room vulnerability due to the various damage. Lastly, to evaluate the operability, movement efficiency of crew and cargos was considered using affinity and antagonism between rooms. Of course, constraints for requirements such as damage stability and intact stability were included in the formulation. The proposed method was applied to an example of a naval ship that survivability is one of the important issues. The result shows the applicability of the proposed method at the arrangement design of the ship.
Publication Date 2020-11-24

Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Optimization of the Arrangement Design of a Ship Considering the Multiple Performance", Proceedings of ACSMO(Asian Congress of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization) 2020, Seoul, Korea, pp. 167, 2020.11.23-25


  1. Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, "Development of a Non-linear Optimization Program and Its Applications to Shipbuilding", Proceedings of the 1st Mongolia-Korea Joint Workshop on CAD/CAM, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, pp. 1-5, 2007.07.08-10

  2. Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hang-Soon Choi, Woo-Jae Seong, "Development of Hybrid Optimization Method and Its Application to Ship Design Optimization", Proceedings of Pacific 2002 International Maritime Conference, Sydney, Australia, 2002.01.29-31

  3. Kyu-Yeul Lee, Ju-Hwan Cha, Joon-Chae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ji-Hyun Hwang, "Determination of the Optimal Operating Condition of Dual Mixed Refrigerant Cycle at the Pre-FEED Stage of LNG FPSO Topside Liquefaction Process", Proceedings of ISOPE(International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers) 2011, Maui, USA, pp. 151-158, 2011.06.19-24

  4. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Min Lee, Jihye Cha, Jongjin Park, DongYeon Lee, Booki Kim, "An Efficient Method for Cost and Risk Saving in Ship Route Planning", Proceedings of the 31st Asian-Pacific TEAM 2017, Osaka, Japan, 2017.09.25-28

  5. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Min Lee, "Toward a Robust Optimization Method for Ship Route Planning Considering Cost and Safety Aspect", Proceedings of ACDDE 2017, Zhangjiajie, China

  6. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Min Lee, "A Simultaneous Optimization Method of the Direction and Speed for Ship Route Planning", Proceedings of Smart Ship Technology 2017, London, England, 2017.01.24-25

  7. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Kyoon Kim, "An Arrangement Design Framework for Ships and Offshore Plants Based on Expert System and Optimization Technique", Proceedings of OMAE 2016, Busan, Korea, pp. 1-5, 2016.06.19-24

  8. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Min Lee, "Flooding Analysis Based on PBD (Position Based Dynamics) for Ships and Offshore Structures", Proceedings of ISOPE 2018, Sapporo, Japan, pp. 955-957, 2018.06.10-15

  9. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Evacuation Analysis of Passenger Ships Considering Intermediate Flooding", Proceedings of International Symposium on PRADS 2022, Dubrovnik, Croatia, pp. 628-632, 2022.10.09-13

  10. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Ship Route Planning Considering the Effects of Sea State and the Fuel Consumption", Proceedings of PRADS 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2016.09.04-09.08

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