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Abstract To prevent maritime accidents, it is crucial to be aware of the surrounding environment near ships. The images recorded by a camera mounted on a ship could be used for the awareness of other ships surrounding it. In this study, ship awareness was performed using three procedures: detection, localization, and tracking. Initially, ship detection was performed using the deep learning-based detection model, YOLO (You Only Look Once) v3, based on the camera image. A virtual image dataset was constructed using Unity to overcome the difficulty of obtaining camera images onboard with various sizes of ships, and to improve the detection performance. This was followed by the localization procedure in which the position of the horizon on the image was calculated using the orientation information from the ship. Subsequently, the position of the detected ship in the spatial coordinate system was calculated using the horizon information. Following this, the position, course over ground (COG), and speed over ground (SOG) of the target ships were tracked in the time domain using the extended Kalman filter. A deep learning model that determines the heading of the ship in the image was proposed to utilize abundant information of cameras, and it was used to set the initial value of the Kalman filter. Finally, the proposed method for the awareness of ships was validated using an actual video captured from a camera installed on an actual ship with various encountering scenarios. The tracking results were compared with actual automatic identification system (AIS) data obtained from other ships. As a result, the entire detection, localization, and tracking procedures showed good performance, and it was estimated that the proposed method for awareness of the surroundings of a ship, based on camera images, could be used in the future.
Publication Date 2021-10-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCIE
Impact Factor 5.860

Won-Jae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Yeong-Min Cho, Nam-Sun Son, “Detection and Tracking for the Awareness of Surroundings of a Ship Based on Deep Learning”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 1407-1430, 2021.10.01

https://doi.org/10.1093/jcde/qwab053


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
105 International Journal Xing Li, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "A Collaborative Simulation in Shipbuilding and the Offshore Installation Based on the Integration of the Dynamic Analysis, Virtual Reality, and Control Devices", IJNAOE, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 699-722, 2019.07.01 file 2019-07-01
» International Journal Won-Jae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Yeong-Min Cho, Nam-Sun Son, “Detection and Tracking for the Awareness of Surroundings of a Ship Based on Deep Learning”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vo. 8, No. 5 file 2021-10-01
103 International Journal Tae-Sub Um, Myung-Il Roh, "Optimal Dimension Design of a Hatch Cover for Lightening a Bulk Carrier", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 270-287, 2015.03.01 file 2015-03-01
102 International Journal Sung-Woo Park, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Seong-Hoon Kim, "Association Analysis of Piping Materials of an Offshore Structure Using Big Data Technology", Journal of Ship Production and Design, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 220-230, 2019.08.01 file 2019-08-01
101 International Journal Sung-Min Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, "Optimum Design of Lug Arrangement Based on Static and Dynamic Analyses for Block Lifting", Journal of Ship Production and Design, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 119-133, 2018.05.01 file 2018-05-01
100 International Journal Sung-Min Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Hoe-Ryong Jung, Jong-Jin Park, "Method for a Simultaneous Determination of the Path and the Speed for Ship Route Planning Problems", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 157, pp. 301-312, 2018.06.01 file 2018-06-01
99 International Journal Sung-Kyoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Evaluation of Feasibility Index in the Arrangement Design of an Offshore Topside based on the Automatic Transformation of Experts’ Knowledge and the Fuzzy Logic”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 130, 2017.01.15 file 2017-01-15
98 International Journal Sung-Kyoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Arrangement Method of Offshore Topside Based on an Expert System and Optimization Technique”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. 139, No. 2, pp. 1-19, 2017.04.01 file 2017-04-01
97 International Journal Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, "Image-based Ship Detection Using Deep Learning", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 415-434, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
96 International Journal Sun-Kyung Jung, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, "Arrangement Method of a Naval Surface Ship Considering Stability, Operability, and Survivability", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 152, pp. 316-333, 2018.02.23 file 2018-02-23
95 International Journal Sol Ha, Tae-Sub Um, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, “A Structural Weight Estimation Model of FPSO Topsides Using an Improved Genetic Programming Method”, Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 43-55, 2017.01.01 file 2017-01-01
94 International Journal Sol Ha, Seong-Ho Seo, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, "Simplified Nonlinear Model for the Weight Estimation of FPSO Plant Topside Using the Statistical Method", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 603-619, 2016.09.01 file 2016-09-01
93 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Cell-Based Evacuation Simulation Considering Human Behavior in a Passenger Ship", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 53, pp. 138-152, 2012.10.01 file 2012-10-01
92 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Ho-Jin Hwang, "Multibody System Dynamics Simulator for Process Simulation of Ships and Offshore Plants in Shipyards", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 85, pp. 12-25, 2015.07.01 file 2015-07-01
91 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Event-based Scenario Manager for Multibody Dynamics Simulation of Heavy Load Lifting Operations in Shipyards", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 83-101, 2016.01.01 file 2016-01-01
90 International Journal Sol Ha, Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Implementation of the Submarine Diving Simulation in a Distributed Environment", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 211-227, 2012.09.01 file 2012-09-01
89 International Journal Seung-Min Lee, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Model of Tugboat Operation for Conveying a Large Surface Vessel", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
88 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, “Time-domain Structural Analysis During Block Turnover and Lifting Using 2D Flexible Multibody Dynamics”, Marine Structures, Vol. 75, pp. 102841.1-26, 2021.01.01 file 2021-01-01
87 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Luman Zhao, "Integrated Method of Analysis, Visualization, and Hardware for Ship Motion Simulation", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 285-298, 2018.07.01 file 2018-07-01
86 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Jung-Woo Hong, “Dynamic Effect of a Flexible Riser in a Fully Connected Semisubmersible Drilling Rig Using the Absolute Nodal Coordinate Formulation”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 2017.10.01 file 2017-10-01
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