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Abstract Developing a high-level autonomous collision avoidance system for ships that can operate in an unstructured and unpredictable environment is challenging. Particularly in congested sea areas, each ship should make decisions continuously to avoid collisions with other ships in a busy and complex waterway. Furthermore, recent reports indicate that a large number of marine collision accidents are caused by or are related to human decision failures concerning a lack of situational awareness and failure to comply with the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGs). In this study, we propose an efficient method to overcome multiship collision avoidance problems based on the Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) algorithm by expanding our previous study (Zhao et al., 2019). The proposed method directly maps the states of encountered ships to an ownship's steering commands in terms of rudder angle using the Deep Neural Network (DNN). This DNN is trained over multiple ships in rich encountering situations using the policy-gradient based DRL algorithm. To address multiple encountered ships, we classify them into four regions based on COLREGs, and consider only the nearest ship in each region. We validate the proposed collision avoidance method in a variety of simulated scenarios with thorough performance evaluations, and demonstrate that the final DRL controller can obtain time efficient and collision-free paths for multiple ships. Simulation results indicate that multiple ships can avoid collisions with each other while following their own predefined paths simultaneously. In addition, the proposed approach demonstrates its excellent adaptability to unknown complex environments with various encountered ships.
Publication Date 2019-11-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCI
Impact Factor 1.894

Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, "COLREGs-Compliant Multiship Collision Avoidance Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 191, pp. 1-15, 2019.11.01


  1. No Image 16Sep
    by SyDLab
    in International Journal

    Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, "COLREGs-Compliant Multiship Collision Avoidance Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 191, pp. 1-15, 2019.11.01

  2. No Image 03Nov
    by
    in International Journal

    Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Collision Detection and Response of Multibody Systems Using a Position Difference Method and Non-Interpenetration Constraint in Shipbuilding Simulation", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 195, pp. 1-18, 2020.01.01

  3. No Image 04Dec
    by
    in International Journal

    Joo-Pil Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Seung-Ho Ham, "Design of a Wreck Removal Method Considering Safety and Economy", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 15, No. 10, pp. 1037-1056, 2020.12.01

  4. No Image 15Dec
    by
    in International Journal

    Sang-Hyun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Ki-Su Kim, "Optimal Layout Design of an LNG FPSO: A Case Study", Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. 142, No. 041403, pp. 1-17, 2020.08.01

  5. No Image 03Mar
    by
    in International Journal

    Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Sung-Woo Park, "Estimation of Ship Operational Efficiency from AIS Data Using Big Data Technology", IJNAOE, Vol. 12, pp. 440-453, 2020.05.21

  6. No Image 14May
    by
    in International Journal

    Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Optimum Arrangement Design of Mastic Ropes for Membrane-type LNG Tanks Considering the Flatness of Thermal Insulation Panel and Production Cost”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 5

  7. No Image 07Aug
    by
    in International Journal

    Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Erection Simulation Considering Frictional Contact with Wire Ropes", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 217, pp. 1-24, 2020.12.01

  8. No Image 09Aug
    by
    in International Journal

    Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, “Time-domain Structural Analysis During Block Turnover and Lifting Using 2D Flexible Multibody Dynamics”, Marine Structures, Vol. 75, pp. 102841.1-26, 2021.01.01

  9. No Image 28Sep
    by
    in International Journal

    Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Flooding Analysis Method for Intermediate Flooding Process of a Ship", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 218, pp. 108173.1-33, 2020.12.15

  10. No Image 09Oct
    by
    in International Journal

    Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, "Image-based Ship Detection Using Deep Learning", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 415-434, 2020.12.01

  11. No Image 10Oct
    by
    in International Journal

    Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, “ISO 15016:2015-based Method for Estimating the Fuel Oil Consumption of a Ship”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 10, pp. 791:1-18, 2020.10.12

  12. No Image 14Oct
    by
    in International Journal

    Ki-Su Kim, June-Beom Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Min Han, Gap-Heon Lee, "Prediction of Ocean Weather Based on Denoising AutoEncoder and Convolutional LSTM", Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 10, pp. 805:1-24, 2020.10.14

  13. No Image 26Oct
    by
    in International Journal

    Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sung-Jun Lee, “Optimum Design of the Underwater Discharge System Based on Surrogate Modeling”, Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 338-353, 2021.06.01

  14. No Image 09Dec
    by
    in International Journal

    Hye-Won Lee, Joo-Hyun Woo, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, et al., "Integrated Simulation of Virtual Prototypes and Control Algorithms of Unmanned Surface Vehicles Based on a Robot Operating System", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan)

  15. No Image 18Jan
    by
    in International Journal

    Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Underactuated Crane Control for the Automation of Block Erection in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 124, pp. 1-28, 2021.04.01

  16. No Image 22Jan
    by
    in International Journal

    Seung-Min Lee, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Model of Tugboat Operation for Conveying a Large Surface Vessel", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2021.04.01

  17. No Image 16Mar
    by
    in International Journal

    Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, “Quantitative Calculation Method of the Collision Risk for Collision Avoidance in Ship Navigation Using the CPA and Ship Domain”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2021.06.01

  18. No Image 15Apr
    by
    in International Journal

    Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Woo Park, Do-Hyun Chun, Myeong-Jo Son, Jeong-Youl Lee, “Operational Analysis of Container Ships by Using Maritime Big Data”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 438: 1-21, 2021.04.18

  19. No Image 18May
    by
    in International Journal

    Beom-Soo Kim, Min-Jae Oh, Jae-Hoon Lee, Yonghwan Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Study on Hull Optimization Process Considering Operational Efficiency in Waves", Processes, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 898.1-21, 2021.05.19

  20. No Image 22May
    by
    in International Journal

    Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15

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