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Abstract To prevent maritime accidents, it is crucial to be aware of the surrounding environment near ships. The images recorded by a camera mounted on a ship could be used for the awareness of other ships surrounding it. In this study, ship awareness was performed using three procedures: detection, localization, and tracking. Initially, ship detection was performed using the deep learning-based detection model, YOLO (You Only Look Once) v3, based on the camera image. A virtual image dataset was constructed using Unity to overcome the difficulty of obtaining camera images onboard with various sizes of ships, and to improve the detection performance. This was followed by the localization procedure in which the position of the horizon on the image was calculated using the orientation information from the ship. Subsequently, the position of the detected ship in the spatial coordinate system was calculated using the horizon information. Following this, the position, course over ground (COG), and speed over ground (SOG) of the target ships were tracked in the time domain using the extended Kalman filter. A deep learning model that determines the heading of the ship in the image was proposed to utilize abundant information of cameras, and it was used to set the initial value of the Kalman filter. Finally, the proposed method for the awareness of ships was validated using an actual video captured from a camera installed on an actual ship with various encountering scenarios. The tracking results were compared with actual automatic identification system (AIS) data obtained from other ships. As a result, the entire detection, localization, and tracking procedures showed good performance, and it was estimated that the proposed method for awareness of the surroundings of a ship, based on camera images, could be used in the future.
Publication Date 2021-10-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCIE
Impact Factor 5.860

Won-Jae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Yeong-Min Cho, Nam-Sun Son, “Detection and Tracking for the Awareness of Surroundings of a Ship Based on Deep Learning”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 1407-1430, 2021.10.01

https://doi.org/10.1093/jcde/qwab053


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
108 International Journal Min-Chul Kong, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Ho-Gyun Park, Jong-Oh Kim, "Variable Indexing Method in Rule Documents for Ship Design Using Extraction of PDF Elements", accepted for publication in Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, 2022.11.11 2022-11-11
107 International Journal Jin-Hyeok Kim, Myung-Il Roh et al. "Prediction of the Superiority of the Hydrodynamic Performance of Hull Forms Using Deep Learning", accepted for publication in International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 2022.10.21 2022-10-21
106 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Automation of Crane Control for Block Lifting Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 1430- 1448, 2022.07.23 file 2022-07-23
105 International Journal Min-Chul Kong, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Jeongyoul Lee, Jongoh Kim, Gapheon Lee, "Object Detection Method for Ship Safety Plans Using Deep Learning", Ocean Engineering, 2022.02.15 file 2022-02-15
104 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Min Lee, "Quasi-static Flooding Analysis Method of a Damaged Ship Considering Oil Spill and Cargo Load", Journal of Ship Production and Design, 2022.02.10 file 2022-02-10
» International Journal Won-Jae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Yeong-Min Cho, Nam-Sun Son, “Detection and Tracking for the Awareness of Surroundings of a Ship Based on Deep Learning”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vo. 8, No. 5 file 2021-10-01
102 International Journal June-Beom Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Prediction of Ship Power Based on Variation in Deep Feed-forward Neural Network”, International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 2021.08.07 file 2021-08-12
101 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Ship Route Planning in Arctic Ocean Based on POLARIS”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 109297.1-14, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
100 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
99 International Journal Beom-Soo Kim, Min-Jae Oh, Jae-Hoon Lee, Yonghwan Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Study on Hull Optimization Process Considering Operational Efficiency in Waves", Processes, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 898.1-21, 2021.05.19 file 2021-05-19
98 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Woo Park, Do-Hyun Chun, Myeong-Jo Son, Jeong-Youl Lee, “Operational Analysis of Container Ships by Using Maritime Big Data”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 438: 1-21, 2021.04.18 file 2021-04-18
97 International Journal Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, “Quantitative Calculation Method of the Collision Risk for Collision Avoidance in Ship Navigation Using the CPA and Ship Domain”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2021.06.01 file 2021-06-01
96 International Journal Seung-Min Lee, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Model of Tugboat Operation for Conveying a Large Surface Vessel", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
95 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Underactuated Crane Control for the Automation of Block Erection in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 124, pp. 1-28, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
94 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Joo-Hyun Woo, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, et al., "Integrated Simulation of Virtual Prototypes and Control Algorithms of Unmanned Surface Vehicles Based on a Robot Operating System", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan) file 2021-09-03
93 International Journal Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sung-Jun Lee, “Optimum Design of the Underwater Discharge System Based on Surrogate Modeling”, Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 338-353, 2021.06.01 file 2021-06-01
92 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, June-Beom Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Min Han, Gap-Heon Lee, "Prediction of Ocean Weather Based on Denoising AutoEncoder and Convolutional LSTM", Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 10, pp. 805:1-24, 2020.10.14 file 2020-10-14
91 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, “ISO 15016:2015-based Method for Estimating the Fuel Oil Consumption of a Ship”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 10, pp. 791:1-18, 2020.10.12 file 2020-10-12
90 International Journal Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, "Image-based Ship Detection Using Deep Learning", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 415-434, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
89 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Flooding Analysis Method for Intermediate Flooding Process of a Ship", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 218, pp. 108173.1-33, 2020.12.15 file 2020-12-15
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