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Abstract Developing a high-level autonomous collision avoidance system for ships that can operate in an unstructured and unpredictable environment is challenging. Particularly in congested sea areas, each ship should make decisions continuously to avoid collisions with other ships in a busy and complex waterway. Furthermore, recent reports indicate that a large number of marine collision accidents are caused by or are related to human decision failures concerning a lack of situational awareness and failure to comply with the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGs). In this study, we propose an efficient method to overcome multiship collision avoidance problems based on the Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) algorithm by expanding our previous study (Zhao et al., 2019). The proposed method directly maps the states of encountered ships to an ownship's steering commands in terms of rudder angle using the Deep Neural Network (DNN). This DNN is trained over multiple ships in rich encountering situations using the policy-gradient based DRL algorithm. To address multiple encountered ships, we classify them into four regions based on COLREGs, and consider only the nearest ship in each region. We validate the proposed collision avoidance method in a variety of simulated scenarios with thorough performance evaluations, and demonstrate that the final DRL controller can obtain time efficient and collision-free paths for multiple ships. Simulation results indicate that multiple ships can avoid collisions with each other while following their own predefined paths simultaneously. In addition, the proposed approach demonstrates its excellent adaptability to unknown complex environments with various encountered ships.
Publication Date 2019-11-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCI
Impact Factor 1.894

Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, "COLREGs-Compliant Multiship Collision Avoidance Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 191, pp. 1-15, 2019.11.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
86 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Sung Kim, "Numerical Analysis of Wreck Removal Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 521-535, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
85 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Sol Ha, "Multibody Dynamic Analysis of a Heavy Load Suspended by a Floating Crane with Constraint-based Wire Rope", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 109, pp. 145-160, 2015.11.15 file 2015-11-15
84 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jin-Wuk Hong, Hong-Rae Lee, "Development and Validation of a Simulation-based Safety Evaluation Program for a Mega Floating Crane", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 112, pp. 101-116, 2017.10.01 file 2017-10-01
83 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Collision Detection and Response of Multibody Systems Using a Position Difference Method and Non-Interpenetration Constraint in Shipbuilding Simulation", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 195, pp. 1-18, 2020.01.01 file 2020-01-01
82 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Analysis of Block Offloading Using Self-propelled Modular Transporters", Automation in Construction, Vol. 96, pp. 411-432, 2018.12.01 file 2018-12-01
81 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01 file 2016-02-01
80 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Sung-Woo Park, "Estimation of Ship Operational Efficiency from AIS Data Using Big Data Technology", IJNAOE, Vol. 12, pp. 440-453, 2020.05.21 file 2020-05-21
79 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Min-Jae Oh, “Big Data Platform Based on Hadoop and Application to Weight Estimation of FPSO Topside”, Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 32-40, 2017.03.01 file 2017-03-01
78 International Journal Sang-Uk Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Ship Compartment Modeling Based On a Non-manifold Polyhedron Modeling Kernel", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 378-388, 2009.05.01 file 2009-05-01
77 International Journal Sang-Hyun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Ki-Su Kim, "Optimal Layout Design of an LNG FPSO: A Case Study", Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. 142, No. 041403, pp. 1-17, 2020.08.01 file 2020-08-01
76 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, "Design of Controller for Mobile Robot in Welding Process of Shipbuilding Engineering", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 243-255, 2014.10.01 file 2014-10-01
75 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, "Crane Modeling and Simulation in Offshore Structure Building Industry", International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 278-284, 2014.06.01 file 2014-06-01
74 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Response Simulation of an Offshore Wind Turbine Suspended by a Floating Crane", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 621-634, 2015.11.01 file 2015-11-01
73 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "A Tagline Proportional-Derivative Control Method for the Anti-Swing Motion of a Heavy Load Suspended by a Floating Crane in Waves", Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, Vol. 227, No. 4, pp. 357-366, 2013.11.01 file 2013-11-01
72 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Ji-Hyun Hwang, Joon-Chae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimal Module Layout for a Generic Offshore LNG Liquefaction Process of LNG-FPSO", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 311-332, 2014.05.01 file 2014-05-01
71 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Ara Jo, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Automatic Generation of Equations of Motion for Multibody System in Discrete Event Simulation Framework", Procedia Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 55-64, 2012.02.01 file 2012-02-01
70 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Sol Ha, "Advanced Ship Evacuation Analysis Using a Cell-Based Simulation Model", Computers In Industry, Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 80-89, 2013.01.01 file 2013-01-01
69 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Woo-Young Choi, Seong-Jin Yoo, "Improvement of Ship Design Practice Using a 3D CAD Model of a Hull Structure", Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing Journal, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 105-124, 2008.02.01 file 2008-02-01
68 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Woo-Young Choi, "Rapid Generation of the Piping Model Having the Relationship with a Hull Structure in Shipbuilding", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 215-228, 2007.04.01 file 2007-04-01
67 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Seong-Jin Yoo, "An Algorithm for Generating the Hull Structural Analysis Model Using the Seam Information of the Hull Structure at the Initial Design Stage", Journal of Ship and Ocean Technology, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 24-33, 2006.12.01 file 2006-12-01
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