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Abstract One of the most commonly used pieces of equipment for lifting a load is the equalizer of a crane in shipbuilding production. The equalizer distributes the tension in wire ropes between the load and equipment equally. While the equalizer is composed simply of several fixed and moving pulleys, themechanismof an equalizer is not easy to adapt to physics-based simulations because only onewire rope is coiled around all of the pulleys. Thus, instead of the real mechanism of the equalizer, an alternative mechanism, such as stretching or shortening the initial lengths of the wire ropes, logically, has been used in previous simulations. In this study, a mass-less constraint-based wire rope is adopted to realize the real mechanism of the equalizer. The constant length constraint is used to realize one wire rope among the fixed and moving equalizer pulleys. We derive a discrete Euler–Lagrange (DEL) equation to represent the motion of a multibody system including the constraint wire ropes. The DEL equation is shown to be numerically stable for the case of linear holonomic constraints, such as the constant length constraint. Wetest several series of fixed and moving pulleys andmodel the equalizer based on the real mechanism. Finally, the equalizer based on the real mechanism is applied to two typical lifting cases in shipbuilding production. One is lifting a load using a Goliath cranewith three equalizers and the other is to use a floating cranewith one equalizer and two crawler cranes. As a result, the tensions in the wire ropes connected to the load are adjusted equally as the position of the moving pulleys and the orientation of the equalizer change.
Publication Date 2016-02-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCIE
Impact Factor 2.442

Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
68 International Journal Sun-Kyung Jung, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, "Arrangement Method of a Naval Surface Ship Considering Stability, Operability, and Survivability", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 152, pp. 316-333, 2018.02.23 file 2018-02-23
67 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Luman Zhao, "Integrated Method of Analysis, Visualization, and Hardware for Ship Motion Simulation", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 285-298, 2018.07.01 file 2018-07-01
66 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Anti-Sway Control of the Crane on an Offshore Support Vessel Based on the Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation", International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 182-189, 2018.06.01 file 2018-06-01
65 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Sung Kim, "Numerical Analysis of Wreck Removal Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 521-535, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
64 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Min Lee, Han-Sung Kim, Hyunsik Ahn, "Weight-estimation Method of FPSO Topsides Considering the Work Breakdown Structure", Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 1-10, 2018.02.01 file 2018-02-01
63 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Case Study of Detection and Maneuvering Performance of Naval Ships Using Engagement Simulation of Engineering Level”, Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 247-273, 2017.09.01 file 2017-09-01
62 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Jung-Woo Hong, “Dynamic Effect of a Flexible Riser in a Fully Connected Semisubmersible Drilling Rig Using the Absolute Nodal Coordinate Formulation”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 2017.10.01 file 2017-10-01
61 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jin-Wuk Hong, Hong-Rae Lee, "Development and Validation of a Simulation-based Safety Evaluation Program for a Mega Floating Crane", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 112, pp. 101-116, 2017.10.01 file 2017-10-01
60 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Min-Jae Oh, “Big Data Platform Based on Hadoop and Application to Weight Estimation of FPSO Topside”, Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 32-40, 2017.03.01 file 2017-03-01
59 International Journal Sung-Min Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, "Optimum Design of Lug Arrangement Based on Static and Dynamic Analyses for Block Lifting", Journal of Ship Production and Design, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 119-133, 2018.05.01 file 2018-05-01
58 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Chan-Young Lee, “Performance Analyses of Naval Ships Based on Engineering Level of Simulation at the Initial Design Stage”, IJNAOE, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 446-459, 2017.07.01 file 2017-07-01
57 International Journal Sung-Kyoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Evaluation of Feasibility Index in the Arrangement Design of an Offshore Topside based on the Automatic Transformation of Experts’ Knowledge and the Fuzzy Logic”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 130, 2017.01.15 file 2017-01-15
56 International Journal Sung-Kyoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Arrangement Method of Offshore Topside Based on an Expert System and Optimization Technique”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. 139, No. 2, pp. 1-19, 2017.04.01 file 2017-04-01
55 International Journal Ju-Sung Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “A Method for Intermediate Flooding and Sinking Simulation of a Damaged Floater in Time Domain”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 1-13, 2017.01.01 file 2017-01-01
54 International Journal John-Kyu Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, “Design Modification of a Damaged Free-Fall Lifeboat for FPSO Through Free-Fall Tests”, International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 417-422, 2016.12.01 file 2016-12-01
53 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Lifting Simulation of an Offshore Supply Vessel Considering Various Operating Conditions", Advances in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 1-13, 2016.06.16 file 2016-06-16
52 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "A Submarine Arrangement Design Program Based on the Expert System and the Multistage Optimization", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 98, No. 97-111, 2016.08.01 file 2016-08-01
51 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Turnover Simulation Considering the Interferences between the Block and Wire Ropes in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 67, pp. 60-75, 2016.07.01 file 2016-07-01
50 International Journal Jeong-Woo Hong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of Subsea Equipment Installation Using an Offshore Support Vessel Based on Flexible Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 24, No. 4 file 2016-08-01
49 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Event-based Scenario Manager for Multibody Dynamics Simulation of Heavy Load Lifting Operations in Shipyards", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 83-101, 2016.01.01 file 2016-01-01
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