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Abstract Social interest in autonomous navigation systems for autonomous ships is also increasing. For a robust autonomous navigation system, the location, speed, and direction of the ship and other ships must be identified in real time, and collision avoidance should be performed at an appropriate time by considering the collision risk. In this study, we proposed a collision avoidance method that quantitatively assesses the collision risk and then generates an avoidance path. First, to assess the collision risk, a collision risk assessment method based on the ship domain and the closest point of approach (CPA) was proposed. The ship domain is created with an asymmetric shape considering manoeuvring performance and the COLREGs. The CPA is used to assess quantitative collision risk value. Subsequently, a path generation algorithm based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) was proposed to determine the avoidance time and to generate an avoidance path complying the COLREGs for the most dangerous ship in terms of collision risk. The information of own ship and target ship such as location, speed, heading, collision risk is used as the input state, and the rudder angle of own ship is set as the output action of the DRL. The cost function related to the path following and the collision avoidance is defined as the reward of the DRL-based collision avoidance method. Additionally, the DRL modes are defined to navigate the flexible avoidance path by changing the ratio between the path following and the collision avoidance. To verify the proposed method, we compared the collision avoidance method with the A* algorithm, which is a traditional path planning algorithm, and analyzed the results for various scenarios. The proposed method reliably avoided collisions through flexible paths for complex and unexpected changes in situations compared to the A* algorithm.
Publication Date 2021-08-15
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCI

Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.109216


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
28 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Min-Jae Oh, “Big Data Platform Based on Hadoop and Application to Weight Estimation of FPSO Topside”, Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 32-40, 2017.03.01 file 2017-03-01
27 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Sung-Woo Park, "Estimation of Ship Operational Efficiency from AIS Data Using Big Data Technology", IJNAOE, Vol. 12, pp. 440-453, 2020.05.21 file 2020-05-21
26 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01 file 2016-02-01
25 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Analysis of Block Offloading Using Self-propelled Modular Transporters", Automation in Construction, Vol. 96, pp. 411-432, 2018.12.01 file 2018-12-01
24 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Collision Detection and Response of Multibody Systems Using a Position Difference Method and Non-Interpenetration Constraint in Shipbuilding Simulation", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 195, pp. 1-18, 2020.01.01 file 2020-01-01
23 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jin-Wuk Hong, Hong-Rae Lee, "Development and Validation of a Simulation-based Safety Evaluation Program for a Mega Floating Crane", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 112, pp. 101-116, 2017.10.01 file 2017-10-01
22 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Sol Ha, "Multibody Dynamic Analysis of a Heavy Load Suspended by a Floating Crane with Constraint-based Wire Rope", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 109, pp. 145-160, 2015.11.15 file 2015-11-15
21 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Sung Kim, "Numerical Analysis of Wreck Removal Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 521-535, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
20 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Jung-Woo Hong, “Dynamic Effect of a Flexible Riser in a Fully Connected Semisubmersible Drilling Rig Using the Absolute Nodal Coordinate Formulation”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 2017.10.01 file 2017-10-01
19 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Luman Zhao, "Integrated Method of Analysis, Visualization, and Hardware for Ship Motion Simulation", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 285-298, 2018.07.01 file 2018-07-01
18 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, “Time-domain Structural Analysis During Block Turnover and Lifting Using 2D Flexible Multibody Dynamics”, Marine Structures, Vol. 75, pp. 102841.1-26, 2021.01.01 file 2021-01-01
17 International Journal Seung-Min Lee, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Model of Tugboat Operation for Conveying a Large Surface Vessel", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
16 International Journal Sol Ha, Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Implementation of the Submarine Diving Simulation in a Distributed Environment", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 211-227, 2012.09.01 file 2012-09-01
15 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Event-based Scenario Manager for Multibody Dynamics Simulation of Heavy Load Lifting Operations in Shipyards", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 83-101, 2016.01.01 file 2016-01-01
14 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Ho-Jin Hwang, "Multibody System Dynamics Simulator for Process Simulation of Ships and Offshore Plants in Shipyards", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 85, pp. 12-25, 2015.07.01 file 2015-07-01
13 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Cell-Based Evacuation Simulation Considering Human Behavior in a Passenger Ship", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 53, pp. 138-152, 2012.10.01 file 2012-10-01
12 International Journal Sol Ha, Seong-Ho Seo, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, "Simplified Nonlinear Model for the Weight Estimation of FPSO Plant Topside Using the Statistical Method", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 603-619, 2016.09.01 file 2016-09-01
11 International Journal Sol Ha, Tae-Sub Um, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, “A Structural Weight Estimation Model of FPSO Topsides Using an Improved Genetic Programming Method”, Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 43-55, 2017.01.01 file 2017-01-01
10 International Journal Sun-Kyung Jung, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, "Arrangement Method of a Naval Surface Ship Considering Stability, Operability, and Survivability", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 152, pp. 316-333, 2018.02.23 file 2018-02-23
9 International Journal Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, "Image-based Ship Detection Using Deep Learning", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 415-434, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
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