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Abstract Social interest in autonomous navigation systems for autonomous ships is also increasing. For a robust autonomous navigation system, the location, speed, and direction of the ship and other ships must be identified in real time, and collision avoidance should be performed at an appropriate time by considering the collision risk. In this study, we proposed a collision avoidance method that quantitatively assesses the collision risk and then generates an avoidance path. First, to assess the collision risk, a collision risk assessment method based on the ship domain and the closest point of approach (CPA) was proposed. The ship domain is created with an asymmetric shape considering manoeuvring performance and the COLREGs. The CPA is used to assess quantitative collision risk value. Subsequently, a path generation algorithm based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) was proposed to determine the avoidance time and to generate an avoidance path complying the COLREGs for the most dangerous ship in terms of collision risk. The information of own ship and target ship such as location, speed, heading, collision risk is used as the input state, and the rudder angle of own ship is set as the output action of the DRL. The cost function related to the path following and the collision avoidance is defined as the reward of the DRL-based collision avoidance method. Additionally, the DRL modes are defined to navigate the flexible avoidance path by changing the ratio between the path following and the collision avoidance. To verify the proposed method, we compared the collision avoidance method with the A* algorithm, which is a traditional path planning algorithm, and analyzed the results for various scenarios. The proposed method reliably avoided collisions through flexible paths for complex and unexpected changes in situations compared to the A* algorithm.
Publication Date 2021-08-15
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCI

Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.109216


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
28 International Journal Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Combined Discrete Event and Discrete Time Simulation Framework and Its Application to the Block Erection Process in Shipbuilding", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 656-665, 2010.04.01 file 2010-04-01
27 International Journal Joo-Pil Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Seung-Ho Ham, "Design of a Wreck Removal Method Considering Safety and Economy", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 15, No. 10, pp. 1037-1056, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
26 International Journal John-Kyu Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Detailed Design and Construction of the Hull of an FPSO(Floating, Production, Storage, and Off-loading unit)", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 93-104, 2010.06.01 file 2010-06-01
25 International Journal John-Kyu Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, “Design Modification of a Damaged Free-Fall Lifeboat for FPSO Through Free-Fall Tests”, International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 417-422, 2016.12.01 file 2016-12-01
24 International Journal Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sung-Jun Lee, “Optimum Design of the Underwater Discharge System Based on Surrogate Modeling”, Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 338-353, 2021.06.01 file 2021-06-01
23 International Journal Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, “Quantitative Calculation Method of the Collision Risk for Collision Avoidance in Ship Navigation Using the CPA and Ship Domain”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2021.06.01 file 2021-06-01
22 International Journal Jin-Hyeok Kim, Myung-Il Roh et al., "Prediction of the Superiority of the Hydrodynamic Performance of Hull Forms Using Deep Learning", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 49, pp. 100490.1-15, pp. 2022.11.01 file 2022-11-01
21 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimal Design of Liquefaction Cycles of Liquefied Natural Gas", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 52, No. 15, pp. 5341-5356, 2013.03.01 file 2013-03-01
20 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Integrated Engineering Environment for the Process FEED of Offshore Oil and Gas Production Plants", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 49-68, 2012.03.01 file 2012-03-01
19 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Determination of the Optimal Operating Condition of the Dual Mixed Refrigerant Cycle for the LNG FPSO Topside Liquefaction Process", Computers and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 49, pp. 25-36, 2013.02.01 file 2013-02-01
18 International Journal Jeong-Woo Hong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of Subsea Equipment Installation Using an Offshore Support Vessel Based on Flexible Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 24, No. 4 file 2016-08-01
17 International Journal Hyun-Cheol Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Soon-Hung Han, "Passenger Evacuation Simulation of MV SEWOL Considering the Heeling Angle Change During Sinking", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 329-343, 2019.01.01 file 2019-01-01
16 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of the Wireline Riser Tensioner System for a Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 106, pp. 485-495, 2015.09.15 file 2015-09-15
15 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Nam-Kug Ku, "Coupled Analysis Method of a Mooring System and a Floating Crane Based on Flexible Multibody Dynamics Considering Contact with the Seabed", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 163, pp. 555-569, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
14 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Underactuated Crane Control for the Automation of Block Erection in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 124, pp. 1-28, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
13 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Erection Simulation Considering Frictional Contact with Wire Ropes", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 217, pp. 1-24, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
12 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Turnover Simulation Considering the Interferences between the Block and Wire Ropes in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 67, pp. 60-75, 2016.07.01 file 2016-07-01
11 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Ship Route Planning in Arctic Ocean Based on POLARIS”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 109297.1-14, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
10 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "Review of the Multibody Dynamics in the Applications of Ships and Offshore Structures", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 167, pp. 65-76, 2018.11.01 file 2018-11-01
9 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Joo-Hyun Woo, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, et al., "Integrated Simulation of Virtual Prototypes and Control Algorithms of Unmanned Surface Vehicles Based on a Robot Operating System", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan) file 2021-09-03
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