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Abstract Autonomous ships have received increasing attention in the maritime industry. The development of a real-time path following and collision avoidance system complying with the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGs) is crucial to the development of autonomous ships. In this study, we proposed a novel deep reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm to improve the efficacy and efficiency of the path following and collision avoidance system. To verify the proposed algorithm, we conducted simulations of an autonomous ship under unknown environmental disturbances to adjust its heading in real time. A three-degree-of-freedom dynamic model for the autonomous ship was developed, and a line-of-sight (LOS) guidance system was used to guide the autonomous ship along a predefined path. Then, a proximal policy optimization (PPO) algorithm was implemented for the problem. We found that, after applying the advanced deep-RL method, an autonomous ship could learn the safest and most economical avoidance behavior through repeated trials. The simulation results showed that the proposed algorithm guaranteed collision avoidance with encountered moving ships while ensuring that the ship followed a predefined path. Additionally, the algorithm demonstrated that it could manage complex scenarios with various encountered ships in compliance with COLREGs, showing excellent adaptability to unknown complex environments.
Publication Date 2019-08-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCIE
Impact Factor 0.372

Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Jun Lee, "Control Method for Path Following and Collision Avoidance of Autonomous Ships Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 293-310, 2019.08.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
96 International Journal Seung-Min Lee, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Model of Tugboat Operation for Conveying a Large Surface Vessel", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
95 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Underactuated Crane Control for the Automation of Block Erection in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 124, pp. 1-28, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
94 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Joo-Hyun Woo, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, et al., "Integrated Simulation of Virtual Prototypes and Control Algorithms of Unmanned Surface Vehicles Based on a Robot Operating System", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan) file 2021-09-03
93 International Journal Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sung-Jun Lee, “Optimum Design of the Underwater Discharge System Based on Surrogate Modeling”, Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 338-353, 2021.06.01 file 2021-06-01
92 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, June-Beom Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Min Han, Gap-Heon Lee, "Prediction of Ocean Weather Based on Denoising AutoEncoder and Convolutional LSTM", Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 10, pp. 805:1-24, 2020.10.14 file 2020-10-14
91 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, “ISO 15016:2015-based Method for Estimating the Fuel Oil Consumption of a Ship”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 10, pp. 791:1-18, 2020.10.12 file 2020-10-12
90 International Journal Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, "Image-based Ship Detection Using Deep Learning", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 415-434, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
89 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Flooding Analysis Method for Intermediate Flooding Process of a Ship", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 218, pp. 108173.1-33, 2020.12.15 file 2020-12-15
88 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, “Time-domain Structural Analysis During Block Turnover and Lifting Using 2D Flexible Multibody Dynamics”, Marine Structures, Vol. 75, pp. 102841.1-26, 2021.01.01 file 2021-01-01
87 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Erection Simulation Considering Frictional Contact with Wire Ropes", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 217, pp. 1-24, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
86 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Optimum Arrangement Design of Mastic Ropes for Membrane-type LNG Tanks Considering the Flatness of Thermal Insulation Panel and Production Cost”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 5 file 2020-05-16
85 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Sung-Woo Park, "Estimation of Ship Operational Efficiency from AIS Data Using Big Data Technology", IJNAOE, Vol. 12, pp. 440-453, 2020.05.21 file 2020-05-21
84 International Journal Sang-Hyun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Ki-Su Kim, "Optimal Layout Design of an LNG FPSO: A Case Study", Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. 142, No. 041403, pp. 1-17, 2020.08.01 file 2020-08-01
83 International Journal Joo-Pil Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Seung-Ho Ham, "Design of a Wreck Removal Method Considering Safety and Economy", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 15, No. 10, pp. 1037-1056, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
82 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Collision Detection and Response of Multibody Systems Using a Position Difference Method and Non-Interpenetration Constraint in Shipbuilding Simulation", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 195, pp. 1-18, 2020.01.01 file 2020-01-01
81 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, "COLREGs-Compliant Multiship Collision Avoidance Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 191, pp. 1-15, 2019.11.01 file 2019-11-01
» International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Jun Lee, "Control Method for Path Following and Collision Avoidance of Autonomous Ships Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 293-310, 2019.08.01 file 2019-08-01
79 International Journal Xing Li, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "A Collaborative Simulation in Shipbuilding and the Offshore Installation Based on the Integration of the Dynamic Analysis, Virtual Reality, and Control Devices", IJNAOE, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 699-722, 2019.07.01 file 2019-07-01
78 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Woo Park, Do-Hyun Chun, Se-Hyun Myung, "Big Data-based Piping Material Analysis Framework in Offshore Structure for Contract Design", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 79-95, 2019.01.01 file 2019-01-01
77 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Analysis of Block Offloading Using Self-propelled Modular Transporters", Automation in Construction, Vol. 96, pp. 411-432, 2018.12.01 file 2018-12-01
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