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Abstract Developing a high-level autonomous collision avoidance system for ships that can operate in an unstructured and unpredictable environment is challenging. Particularly in congested sea areas, each ship should make decisions continuously to avoid collisions with other ships in a busy and complex waterway. Furthermore, recent reports indicate that a large number of marine collision accidents are caused by or are related to human decision failures concerning a lack of situational awareness and failure to comply with the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGs). In this study, we propose an efficient method to overcome multiship collision avoidance problems based on the Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) algorithm by expanding our previous study (Zhao et al., 2019). The proposed method directly maps the states of encountered ships to an ownship's steering commands in terms of rudder angle using the Deep Neural Network (DNN). This DNN is trained over multiple ships in rich encountering situations using the policy-gradient based DRL algorithm. To address multiple encountered ships, we classify them into four regions based on COLREGs, and consider only the nearest ship in each region. We validate the proposed collision avoidance method in a variety of simulated scenarios with thorough performance evaluations, and demonstrate that the final DRL controller can obtain time efficient and collision-free paths for multiple ships. Simulation results indicate that multiple ships can avoid collisions with each other while following their own predefined paths simultaneously. In addition, the proposed approach demonstrates its excellent adaptability to unknown complex environments with various encountered ships.
Publication Date 2019-11-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCI
Impact Factor 1.894

Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, "COLREGs-Compliant Multiship Collision Avoidance Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 191, pp. 1-15, 2019.11.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
66 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of the Wireline Riser Tensioner System for a Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 106, pp. 485-495, 2015.09.15 file 2015-09-15
65 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, “A Thrust Allocation Method for Efficient Dynamic Positioning of a Semisubmersible Drilling Rig Based on the Hybrid Optimization Algorithm”, Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Vol. 2015, pp. 1-12, 2015.10.01 file 2015-10-01
64 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Response Simulation of an Offshore Wind Turbine Suspended by a Floating Crane", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 621-634, 2015.11.01 file 2015-11-01
63 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Sol Ha, "Multibody Dynamic Analysis of a Heavy Load Suspended by a Floating Crane with Constraint-based Wire Rope", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 109, pp. 145-160, 2015.11.15 file 2015-11-15
62 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Sol Ha, "Expert System Based on the Arrangement Evaluation Model for the Arrangement Design of a Submarine", Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 42, No. 22, pp. 8731-8744, 2015.12.01 file 2015-12-01
61 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Event-based Scenario Manager for Multibody Dynamics Simulation of Heavy Load Lifting Operations in Shipyards", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 83-101, 2016.01.01 file 2016-01-01
60 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01 file 2016-02-01
59 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Lifting Simulation of an Offshore Supply Vessel Considering Various Operating Conditions", Advances in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 1-13, 2016.06.16 file 2016-06-16
58 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Turnover Simulation Considering the Interferences between the Block and Wire Ropes in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 67, pp. 60-75, 2016.07.01 file 2016-07-01
57 International Journal Jeong-Woo Hong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of Subsea Equipment Installation Using an Offshore Support Vessel Based on Flexible Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 24, No. 4 file 2016-08-01
56 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "A Submarine Arrangement Design Program Based on the Expert System and the Multistage Optimization", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 98, No. 97-111, 2016.08.01 file 2016-08-01
55 International Journal Sol Ha, Seong-Ho Seo, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, "Simplified Nonlinear Model for the Weight Estimation of FPSO Plant Topside Using the Statistical Method", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 603-619, 2016.09.01 file 2016-09-01
54 International Journal John-Kyu Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, “Design Modification of a Damaged Free-Fall Lifeboat for FPSO Through Free-Fall Tests”, International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 417-422, 2016.12.01 file 2016-12-01
53 International Journal Ju-Sung Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “A Method for Intermediate Flooding and Sinking Simulation of a Damaged Floater in Time Domain”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 1-13, 2017.01.01 file 2017-01-01
52 International Journal Sol Ha, Tae-Sub Um, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, “A Structural Weight Estimation Model of FPSO Topsides Using an Improved Genetic Programming Method”, Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 43-55, 2017.01.01 file 2017-01-01
51 International Journal Sung-Kyoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Evaluation of Feasibility Index in the Arrangement Design of an Offshore Topside based on the Automatic Transformation of Experts’ Knowledge and the Fuzzy Logic”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 130, 2017.01.15 file 2017-01-15
50 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Min-Jae Oh, “Big Data Platform Based on Hadoop and Application to Weight Estimation of FPSO Topside”, Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 32-40, 2017.03.01 file 2017-03-01
49 International Journal Sung-Kyoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Arrangement Method of Offshore Topside Based on an Expert System and Optimization Technique”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. 139, No. 2, pp. 1-19, 2017.04.01 file 2017-04-01
48 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Chan-Young Lee, “Performance Analyses of Naval Ships Based on Engineering Level of Simulation at the Initial Design Stage”, IJNAOE, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 446-459, 2017.07.01 file 2017-07-01
47 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Case Study of Detection and Maneuvering Performance of Naval Ships Using Engagement Simulation of Engineering Level”, Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 247-273, 2017.09.01 file 2017-09-01
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