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Abstract Social interest in autonomous navigation systems for autonomous ships is also increasing. For a robust autonomous navigation system, the location, speed, and direction of the ship and other ships must be identified in real time, and collision avoidance should be performed at an appropriate time by considering the collision risk. In this study, we proposed a collision avoidance method that quantitatively assesses the collision risk and then generates an avoidance path. First, to assess the collision risk, a collision risk assessment method based on the ship domain and the closest point of approach (CPA) was proposed. The ship domain is created with an asymmetric shape considering manoeuvring performance and the COLREGs. The CPA is used to assess quantitative collision risk value. Subsequently, a path generation algorithm based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) was proposed to determine the avoidance time and to generate an avoidance path complying the COLREGs for the most dangerous ship in terms of collision risk. The information of own ship and target ship such as location, speed, heading, collision risk is used as the input state, and the rudder angle of own ship is set as the output action of the DRL. The cost function related to the path following and the collision avoidance is defined as the reward of the DRL-based collision avoidance method. Additionally, the DRL modes are defined to navigate the flexible avoidance path by changing the ratio between the path following and the collision avoidance. To verify the proposed method, we compared the collision avoidance method with the A* algorithm, which is a traditional path planning algorithm, and analyzed the results for various scenarios. The proposed method reliably avoided collisions through flexible paths for complex and unexpected changes in situations compared to the A* algorithm.
Publication Date 2021-08-15
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCI

Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.109216


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
106 International Journal Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "A Hybrid Optimization Method for Multidisciplinary Ship Design", Journal of Ship Technology Research, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 181-185, 2000.10.01 file 2000-10-01
105 International Journal Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "An Efficient Genetic Algorithm Using Gradient Information for Ship Structural Design Optimization", Journal of Ship Technology Research, Vol. 48, No. 4, pp. 161-170, 2001.11.01 file 2001-11-01
104 International Journal Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seonho Cho, "Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Mechanical Systems Using Collaborative Optimization Approach", International Journal of Vehicle Design, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 353-368, 2001.11.01 file 2001-11-01
103 International Journal Kyu-Yeul Lee, Seonho Cho, Myung-Il Roh, "An Efficient Global-Local Hybrid Optimization Method Using Design Sensitivity Analysis", International Journal of Vehicle Design, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 300-317, 2002.07.01 file 2002-07-01
102 International Journal Kyu-Yeul Lee, Seong-Nam Han, Myung-Il Roh, "Optimal Compartment Layout Design for a Naval Ship Using an Improved Genetic Algorithm", Marine Technology and SNAME News, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 159-169, 2002.07.01 file 2002-07-01
101 International Journal Kyu-Yeul Lee, Seong-Nam Han, Myung-Il Roh, "An Improved Genetic Algorithm for Facility Layout Problems Having Inner Structure Walls and Passages", Computers & Operations Research, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 117-138, 2003.01.01 file 2003-01-01
100 International Journal Kyu-Yeul Lee, Won-Joon Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "Development of a Semantic Product Modeling System for Initial Hull Structure in Shipbuilding", Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing Journal, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 211-223, 2004.06.01 file 2004-06-01
99 International Journal Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hyuk-Su Jeong, "An Improved Genetic Algorithm for Multi-Floor Facility Layout Problems Having Inner Structure Walls and Passages", Computers & Operations Research, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 879-899, 2005.04.01 file 2005-04-01
98 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Development of a 3D CAD System for Modeling Hull Structure at the Initial Ship Design Stage", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 135-151, 2006.04.01 file 2006-04-01
97 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "An Initial Hull Structural Modeling System for Computer-Aided Process Planning in Shipbuilding", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 37, No. 7, pp. 457-476, 2006.07.01 file 2006-07-01
96 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Seong-Jin Yoo, "An Algorithm for Generating the Hull Structural Analysis Model Using the Seam Information of the Hull Structure at the Initial Design Stage", Journal of Ship and Ocean Technology, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 24-33, 2006.12.01 file 2006-12-01
95 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Woo-Young Choi, "Rapid Generation of the Piping Model Having the Relationship with a Hull Structure in Shipbuilding", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 215-228, 2007.04.01 file 2007-04-01
94 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Generation of the 3D CAD Model of the Hull Structure at the Initial Ship Design Stage and Its Application", Computers in Industry, Vol. 58, No. 6, pp. 539-557, 2007.08.01 file 2007-08-01
93 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Generation of the Production Material Information of a Building Block and Simulation of the Block Erection for Computer-Aided Process Planning and Scheduling in Shipbuilding", International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 45, No. 20, pp. 4653-4683, 2007.10.01 file 2007-10-01
92 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Woo-Young Choi, Seong-Jin Yoo, "Improvement of Ship Design Practice Using a 3D CAD Model of a Hull Structure", Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing Journal, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 105-124, 2008.02.01 file 2008-02-01
91 International Journal Sang-Uk Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Ship Compartment Modeling Based On a Non-manifold Polyhedron Modeling Kernel", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 378-388, 2009.05.01 file 2009-05-01
90 International Journal Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Combined Discrete Event and Discrete Time Simulation Framework and Its Application to the Block Erection Process in Shipbuilding", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 656-665, 2010.04.01 file 2010-04-01
89 International Journal John-Kyu Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Detailed Design and Construction of the Hull of an FPSO(Floating, Production, Storage, and Off-loading unit)", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 93-104, 2010.06.01 file 2010-06-01
88 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimal Scheduling of Block Lifting in Consideration of the Minimization of Traveling Distance While Unloaded and Wire and Shackle Replacement of a Gantry Crane", Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 190-200, 2010.06.01 file 2010-06-01
87 International Journal Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Integrated Simulation Framework for the Process Planning of Ships and Offshore Structures", Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing Journal, Vol, 26, No. 5, pp. 430-453, 2010.10.01 file 2010-10-01
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