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Abstract One of the most commonly used pieces of equipment for lifting a load is the equalizer of a crane in shipbuilding production. The equalizer distributes the tension in wire ropes between the load and equipment equally. While the equalizer is composed simply of several fixed and moving pulleys, themechanismof an equalizer is not easy to adapt to physics-based simulations because only onewire rope is coiled around all of the pulleys. Thus, instead of the real mechanism of the equalizer, an alternative mechanism, such as stretching or shortening the initial lengths of the wire ropes, logically, has been used in previous simulations. In this study, a mass-less constraint-based wire rope is adopted to realize the real mechanism of the equalizer. The constant length constraint is used to realize one wire rope among the fixed and moving equalizer pulleys. We derive a discrete Euler–Lagrange (DEL) equation to represent the motion of a multibody system including the constraint wire ropes. The DEL equation is shown to be numerically stable for the case of linear holonomic constraints, such as the constant length constraint. Wetest several series of fixed and moving pulleys andmodel the equalizer based on the real mechanism. Finally, the equalizer based on the real mechanism is applied to two typical lifting cases in shipbuilding production. One is lifting a load using a Goliath cranewith three equalizers and the other is to use a floating cranewith one equalizer and two crawler cranes. As a result, the tensions in the wire ropes connected to the load are adjusted equally as the position of the moving pulleys and the orientation of the equalizer change.
Publication Date 2016-02-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCIE
Impact Factor 2.442

Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
86 International Journal Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Dynamic Response Simulation of a Heavy Cargo Suspended by a Floating Crane Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 14-15, pp. 1273-1291, 2010.10.01 file 2010-10-01
85 International Journal Ju-Hwan Cha, Seung-Ho Ham, Kyu-Yeul Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "Application of a Topological Modelling Approach of Multi-body System Dynamics to Simulation of Multi-floating Cranes in Shipyards", Journal of Multi-body Dynamics, Vol. 224, No. 4, pp. 365-373, 2010.12.01 file 2010-12-01
84 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Hwan Cha, "A Block Transportation Scheduling System Considering a Minimization of Travel Distance without Loading of and Interference between Multiple Transporters", International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 49, No. 11, pp. 3231-3250, 2011.06.01 file 2011-06-01
83 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Ara Jo, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Automatic Generation of Equations of Motion for Multibody System in Discrete Event Simulation Framework", Procedia Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 55-64, 2012.02.01 file 2012-02-01
82 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Integrated Engineering Environment for the Process FEED of Offshore Oil and Gas Production Plants", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 49-68, 2012.03.01 file 2012-03-01
81 International Journal Sol Ha, Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Implementation of the Submarine Diving Simulation in a Distributed Environment", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 211-227, 2012.09.01 file 2012-09-01
80 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Cell-Based Evacuation Simulation Considering Human Behavior in a Passenger Ship", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 53, pp. 138-152, 2012.10.01 file 2012-10-01
79 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, "Block Layout Method in the Block Stockyard Based on the Genetic Algorithm", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 271-287, 2012.12.01 file 2012-12-01
78 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, Sol Ha, "Advanced Ship Evacuation Analysis Using a Cell-Based Simulation Model", Computers In Industry, Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 80-89, 2013.01.01 file 2013-01-01
77 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Determination of the Optimal Operating Condition of the Dual Mixed Refrigerant Cycle for the LNG FPSO Topside Liquefaction Process", Computers and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 49, pp. 25-36, 2013.02.01 file 2013-02-01
76 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimal Design of Liquefaction Cycles of Liquefied Natural Gas", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 52, No. 15, pp. 5341-5356, 2013.03.01 file 2013-03-01
75 International Journal Myung-Il Roh, "Determination of an Economical Shipping Route Considering the Effects of Sea State for Lower Fuel Consumption", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 246-262, 2013.06.01 file 2013-06-01
74 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "A Tagline Proportional-Derivative Control Method for the Anti-Swing Motion of a Heavy Load Suspended by a Floating Crane in Waves", Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, Vol. 227, No. 4, pp. 357-366, 2013.11.01 file 2013-11-01
73 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Ji-Hyun Hwang, Joon-Chae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimal Module Layout for a Generic Offshore LNG Liquefaction Process of LNG-FPSO", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 311-332, 2014.05.01 file 2014-05-01
72 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, "Crane Modeling and Simulation in Offshore Structure Building Industry", International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 278-284, 2014.06.01 file 2014-06-01
71 International Journal Nam-Kug Ku, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, "Design of Controller for Mobile Robot in Welding Process of Shipbuilding Engineering", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 243-255, 2014.10.01 file 2014-10-01
70 International Journal Tae-Sub Um, Myung-Il Roh, "Optimal Dimension Design of a Hatch Cover for Lightening a Bulk Carrier", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 270-287, 2015.03.01 file 2015-03-01
69 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Jeong-Woo Hong, "Optimal Thrust Allocation for Dynamic Positioning of Deep-sea Working Vessel", Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 94-105, 2015.06.01 file 2015-06-01
68 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Ho-Jin Hwang, "Multibody System Dynamics Simulator for Process Simulation of Ships and Offshore Plants in Shipyards", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 85, pp. 12-25, 2015.07.01 file 2015-07-01
67 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Lifting Off Simulation of an Offshore Supply Vessel Considering Ocean Environmental Loads and Lifting Off Velocity", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 181-198, 2015.09.01 file 2015-09-01
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