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Abstract Developing a high-level autonomous collision avoidance system for ships that can operate in an unstructured and unpredictable environment is challenging. Particularly in congested sea areas, each ship should make decisions continuously to avoid collisions with other ships in a busy and complex waterway. Furthermore, recent reports indicate that a large number of marine collision accidents are caused by or are related to human decision failures concerning a lack of situational awareness and failure to comply with the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGs). In this study, we propose an efficient method to overcome multiship collision avoidance problems based on the Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) algorithm by expanding our previous study (Zhao et al., 2019). The proposed method directly maps the states of encountered ships to an ownship's steering commands in terms of rudder angle using the Deep Neural Network (DNN). This DNN is trained over multiple ships in rich encountering situations using the policy-gradient based DRL algorithm. To address multiple encountered ships, we classify them into four regions based on COLREGs, and consider only the nearest ship in each region. We validate the proposed collision avoidance method in a variety of simulated scenarios with thorough performance evaluations, and demonstrate that the final DRL controller can obtain time efficient and collision-free paths for multiple ships. Simulation results indicate that multiple ships can avoid collisions with each other while following their own predefined paths simultaneously. In addition, the proposed approach demonstrates its excellent adaptability to unknown complex environments with various encountered ships.
Publication Date 2019-11-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCI
Impact Factor 1.894

Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, "COLREGs-Compliant Multiship Collision Avoidance Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 191, pp. 1-15, 2019.11.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
86 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, “ISO 15016:2015-based Method for Estimating the Fuel Oil Consumption of a Ship”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 10, pp. 791:1-18, 2020.10.12 file 2020-10-12
85 International Journal Sang-Hyun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Ki-Su Kim, "Optimal Layout Design of an LNG FPSO: A Case Study", Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. 142, No. 041403, pp. 1-17, 2020.08.01 file 2020-08-01
84 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Sung-Woo Park, "Estimation of Ship Operational Efficiency from AIS Data Using Big Data Technology", IJNAOE, Vol. 12, pp. 440-453, 2020.05.21 file 2020-05-21
83 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Optimum Arrangement Design of Mastic Ropes for Membrane-type LNG Tanks Considering the Flatness of Thermal Insulation Panel and Production Cost”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 5 file 2020-05-16
82 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Collision Detection and Response of Multibody Systems Using a Position Difference Method and Non-Interpenetration Constraint in Shipbuilding Simulation", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 195, pp. 1-18, 2020.01.01 file 2020-01-01
» International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, "COLREGs-Compliant Multiship Collision Avoidance Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 191, pp. 1-15, 2019.11.01 file 2019-11-01
80 International Journal Sung-Woo Park, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Seong-Hoon Kim, "Association Analysis of Piping Materials of an Offshore Structure Using Big Data Technology", Journal of Ship Production and Design, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 220-230, 2019.08.01 file 2019-08-01
79 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Jun Lee, "Control Method for Path Following and Collision Avoidance of Autonomous Ships Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 293-310, 2019.08.01 file 2019-08-01
78 International Journal Xing Li, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "A Collaborative Simulation in Shipbuilding and the Offshore Installation Based on the Integration of the Dynamic Analysis, Virtual Reality, and Control Devices", IJNAOE, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 699-722, 2019.07.01 file 2019-07-01
77 International Journal Hyun-Cheol Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Soon-Hung Han, "Passenger Evacuation Simulation of MV SEWOL Considering the Heeling Angle Change During Sinking", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 329-343, 2019.01.01 file 2019-01-01
76 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Woo Park, Do-Hyun Chun, Se-Hyun Myung, "Big Data-based Piping Material Analysis Framework in Offshore Structure for Contract Design", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 79-95, 2019.01.01 file 2019-01-01
75 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Taw-Wan Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "G1 Bezier Surface Interpolation with T-junctions at a 3-Valent Singular Vertex", Computer Aided Geometric Design, Vol. 67, pp. 79-95, 2018.12.01 file 2018-12-01
74 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Analysis of Block Offloading Using Self-propelled Modular Transporters", Automation in Construction, Vol. 96, pp. 411-432, 2018.12.01 file 2018-12-01
73 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Tae-Wan Kim, "Local T-spline Surface Skinning with Shape Preservation", Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 104, pp. 15-26, 2018.11.01 file 2018-11-01
72 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "Review of the Multibody Dynamics in the Applications of Ships and Offshore Structures", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 167, pp. 65-76, 2018.11.01 file 2018-11-01
71 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Performance Analysis of an Active Heave Compensation System on an Offshore Supply Vessel Using the Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 26, No. 5 file 2018-10-01
70 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Sung Kim, "Numerical Analysis of Wreck Removal Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 521-535, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
69 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Nam-Kug Ku, "Coupled Analysis Method of a Mooring System and a Floating Crane Based on Flexible Multibody Dynamics Considering Contact with the Seabed", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 163, pp. 555-569, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
68 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Luman Zhao, "Integrated Method of Analysis, Visualization, and Hardware for Ship Motion Simulation", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 285-298, 2018.07.01 file 2018-07-01
67 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Anti-Sway Control of the Crane on an Offshore Support Vessel Based on the Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation", International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 182-189, 2018.06.01 file 2018-06-01
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