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Abstract Social interest in autonomous navigation systems for autonomous ships is also increasing. For a robust autonomous navigation system, the location, speed, and direction of the ship and other ships must be identified in real time, and collision avoidance should be performed at an appropriate time by considering the collision risk. In this study, we proposed a collision avoidance method that quantitatively assesses the collision risk and then generates an avoidance path. First, to assess the collision risk, a collision risk assessment method based on the ship domain and the closest point of approach (CPA) was proposed. The ship domain is created with an asymmetric shape considering manoeuvring performance and the COLREGs. The CPA is used to assess quantitative collision risk value. Subsequently, a path generation algorithm based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) was proposed to determine the avoidance time and to generate an avoidance path complying the COLREGs for the most dangerous ship in terms of collision risk. The information of own ship and target ship such as location, speed, heading, collision risk is used as the input state, and the rudder angle of own ship is set as the output action of the DRL. The cost function related to the path following and the collision avoidance is defined as the reward of the DRL-based collision avoidance method. Additionally, the DRL modes are defined to navigate the flexible avoidance path by changing the ratio between the path following and the collision avoidance. To verify the proposed method, we compared the collision avoidance method with the A* algorithm, which is a traditional path planning algorithm, and analyzed the results for various scenarios. The proposed method reliably avoided collisions through flexible paths for complex and unexpected changes in situations compared to the A* algorithm.
Publication Date 2021-08-15
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCI

Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.109216


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
106 International Journal Beom-Soo Kim, Min-Jae Oh, Jae-Hoon Lee, Yonghwan Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Study on Hull Optimization Process Considering Operational Efficiency in Waves", Processes, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 898.1-21, 2021.05.19 file 2021-05-19
105 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Automation of Crane Control for Block Lifting Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", accepted for publication in Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, 2022.07.11 2022-07-11
» International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
103 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Optimum Arrangement Design of Mastic Ropes for Membrane-type LNG Tanks Considering the Flatness of Thermal Insulation Panel and Production Cost”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 5 file 2020-05-16
102 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Lifting Simulation of an Offshore Supply Vessel Considering Various Operating Conditions", Advances in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 1-13, 2016.06.16 file 2016-06-16
101 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Chan-Young Lee, “Performance Analyses of Naval Ships Based on Engineering Level of Simulation at the Initial Design Stage”, IJNAOE, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 446-459, 2017.07.01 file 2017-07-01
100 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Case Study of Detection and Maneuvering Performance of Naval Ships Using Engagement Simulation of Engineering Level”, Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 247-273, 2017.09.01 file 2017-09-01
99 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Lifting Off Simulation of an Offshore Supply Vessel Considering Ocean Environmental Loads and Lifting Off Velocity", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 181-198, 2015.09.01 file 2015-09-01
98 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Joo-Hyun Woo, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, et al., "Integrated Simulation of Virtual Prototypes and Control Algorithms of Unmanned Surface Vehicles Based on a Robot Operating System", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan) file 2021-09-03
97 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "Review of the Multibody Dynamics in the Applications of Ships and Offshore Structures", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 167, pp. 65-76, 2018.11.01 file 2018-11-01
96 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Ship Route Planning in Arctic Ocean Based on POLARIS”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 109297.1-14, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
95 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Turnover Simulation Considering the Interferences between the Block and Wire Ropes in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 67, pp. 60-75, 2016.07.01 file 2016-07-01
94 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Erection Simulation Considering Frictional Contact with Wire Ropes", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 217, pp. 1-24, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
93 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Underactuated Crane Control for the Automation of Block Erection in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 124, pp. 1-28, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
92 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Nam-Kug Ku, "Coupled Analysis Method of a Mooring System and a Floating Crane Based on Flexible Multibody Dynamics Considering Contact with the Seabed", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 163, pp. 555-569, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
91 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of the Wireline Riser Tensioner System for a Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 106, pp. 485-495, 2015.09.15 file 2015-09-15
90 International Journal Hyun-Cheol Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Soon-Hung Han, "Passenger Evacuation Simulation of MV SEWOL Considering the Heeling Angle Change During Sinking", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 329-343, 2019.01.01 file 2019-01-01
89 International Journal Jeong-Woo Hong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of Subsea Equipment Installation Using an Offshore Support Vessel Based on Flexible Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 24, No. 4 file 2016-08-01
88 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Determination of the Optimal Operating Condition of the Dual Mixed Refrigerant Cycle for the LNG FPSO Topside Liquefaction Process", Computers and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 49, pp. 25-36, 2013.02.01 file 2013-02-01
87 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Integrated Engineering Environment for the Process FEED of Offshore Oil and Gas Production Plants", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 49-68, 2012.03.01 file 2012-03-01
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