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Abstract One of the most commonly used pieces of equipment for lifting a load is the equalizer of a crane in shipbuilding production. The equalizer distributes the tension in wire ropes between the load and equipment equally. While the equalizer is composed simply of several fixed and moving pulleys, themechanismof an equalizer is not easy to adapt to physics-based simulations because only onewire rope is coiled around all of the pulleys. Thus, instead of the real mechanism of the equalizer, an alternative mechanism, such as stretching or shortening the initial lengths of the wire ropes, logically, has been used in previous simulations. In this study, a mass-less constraint-based wire rope is adopted to realize the real mechanism of the equalizer. The constant length constraint is used to realize one wire rope among the fixed and moving equalizer pulleys. We derive a discrete Euler–Lagrange (DEL) equation to represent the motion of a multibody system including the constraint wire ropes. The DEL equation is shown to be numerically stable for the case of linear holonomic constraints, such as the constant length constraint. Wetest several series of fixed and moving pulleys andmodel the equalizer based on the real mechanism. Finally, the equalizer based on the real mechanism is applied to two typical lifting cases in shipbuilding production. One is lifting a load using a Goliath cranewith three equalizers and the other is to use a floating cranewith one equalizer and two crawler cranes. As a result, the tensions in the wire ropes connected to the load are adjusted equally as the position of the moving pulleys and the orientation of the equalizer change.
Publication Date 2016-02-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCIE
Impact Factor 2.442

Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
28 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Min-Jae Oh, “Big Data Platform Based on Hadoop and Application to Weight Estimation of FPSO Topside”, Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 32-40, 2017.03.01 file 2017-03-01
27 International Journal Seong-Hoon Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Sung-Woo Park, "Estimation of Ship Operational Efficiency from AIS Data Using Big Data Technology", IJNAOE, Vol. 12, pp. 440-453, 2020.05.21 file 2020-05-21
» International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01 file 2016-02-01
25 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Analysis of Block Offloading Using Self-propelled Modular Transporters", Automation in Construction, Vol. 96, pp. 411-432, 2018.12.01 file 2018-12-01
24 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Collision Detection and Response of Multibody Systems Using a Position Difference Method and Non-Interpenetration Constraint in Shipbuilding Simulation", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 195, pp. 1-18, 2020.01.01 file 2020-01-01
23 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jin-Wuk Hong, Hong-Rae Lee, "Development and Validation of a Simulation-based Safety Evaluation Program for a Mega Floating Crane", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 112, pp. 101-116, 2017.10.01 file 2017-10-01
22 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Sol Ha, "Multibody Dynamic Analysis of a Heavy Load Suspended by a Floating Crane with Constraint-based Wire Rope", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 109, pp. 145-160, 2015.11.15 file 2015-11-15
21 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Sung Kim, "Numerical Analysis of Wreck Removal Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 521-535, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
20 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Jung-Woo Hong, “Dynamic Effect of a Flexible Riser in a Fully Connected Semisubmersible Drilling Rig Using the Absolute Nodal Coordinate Formulation”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 2017.10.01 file 2017-10-01
19 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Luman Zhao, "Integrated Method of Analysis, Visualization, and Hardware for Ship Motion Simulation", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 285-298, 2018.07.01 file 2018-07-01
18 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, “Time-domain Structural Analysis During Block Turnover and Lifting Using 2D Flexible Multibody Dynamics”, Marine Structures, Vol. 75, pp. 102841.1-26, 2021.01.01 file 2021-01-01
17 International Journal Seung-Min Lee, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Model of Tugboat Operation for Conveying a Large Surface Vessel", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
16 International Journal Sol Ha, Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Implementation of the Submarine Diving Simulation in a Distributed Environment", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 211-227, 2012.09.01 file 2012-09-01
15 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Event-based Scenario Manager for Multibody Dynamics Simulation of Heavy Load Lifting Operations in Shipyards", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 83-101, 2016.01.01 file 2016-01-01
14 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Ho-Jin Hwang, "Multibody System Dynamics Simulator for Process Simulation of Ships and Offshore Plants in Shipyards", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 85, pp. 12-25, 2015.07.01 file 2015-07-01
13 International Journal Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Cell-Based Evacuation Simulation Considering Human Behavior in a Passenger Ship", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 53, pp. 138-152, 2012.10.01 file 2012-10-01
12 International Journal Sol Ha, Seong-Ho Seo, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, "Simplified Nonlinear Model for the Weight Estimation of FPSO Plant Topside Using the Statistical Method", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 603-619, 2016.09.01 file 2016-09-01
11 International Journal Sol Ha, Tae-Sub Um, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, “A Structural Weight Estimation Model of FPSO Topsides Using an Improved Genetic Programming Method”, Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 43-55, 2017.01.01 file 2017-01-01
10 International Journal Sun-Kyung Jung, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, "Arrangement Method of a Naval Surface Ship Considering Stability, Operability, and Survivability", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 152, pp. 316-333, 2018.02.23 file 2018-02-23
9 International Journal Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, "Image-based Ship Detection Using Deep Learning", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 415-434, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
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