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Abstract Autonomous ships have received increasing attention in the maritime industry. The development of a real-time path following and collision avoidance system complying with the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGs) is crucial to the development of autonomous ships. In this study, we proposed a novel deep reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm to improve the efficacy and efficiency of the path following and collision avoidance system. To verify the proposed algorithm, we conducted simulations of an autonomous ship under unknown environmental disturbances to adjust its heading in real time. A three-degree-of-freedom dynamic model for the autonomous ship was developed, and a line-of-sight (LOS) guidance system was used to guide the autonomous ship along a predefined path. Then, a proximal policy optimization (PPO) algorithm was implemented for the problem. We found that, after applying the advanced deep-RL method, an autonomous ship could learn the safest and most economical avoidance behavior through repeated trials. The simulation results showed that the proposed algorithm guaranteed collision avoidance with encountered moving ships while ensuring that the ship followed a predefined path. Additionally, the algorithm demonstrated that it could manage complex scenarios with various encountered ships in compliance with COLREGs, showing excellent adaptability to unknown complex environments.
Publication Date 2019-08-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCIE
Impact Factor 0.372

Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Jun Lee, "Control Method for Path Following and Collision Avoidance of Autonomous Ships Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 293-310, 2019.08.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
52 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Ju-Sung Kim, "Numerical Analysis of Wreck Removal Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 521-535, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
51 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Anti-Sway Control of the Crane on an Offshore Support Vessel Based on the Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation", International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 182-189, 2018.06.01 file 2018-06-01
50 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Luman Zhao, "Integrated Method of Analysis, Visualization, and Hardware for Ship Motion Simulation", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 285-298, 2018.07.01 file 2018-07-01
49 Domestic Journal 명세현, 노명일, 최형순, “조선 PLM을 위한 핵심 평가 지표 수립 방법론”, 한국CDE학회 논문집, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 60-67, 2018.03.01 file 2018-03-01
48 International Journal Sun-Kyung Jung, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, "Arrangement Method of a Naval Surface Ship Considering Stability, Operability, and Survivability", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 152, pp. 316-333, 2018.02.23 file 2018-02-23
47 Domestic Journal 오민재, 노명일, 박성우, 김성훈, “빅데이터 분석을 이용한 해양 구조물 배관 자재의 소요량 예측”, 대한조선학회 논문집, Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 243-251, 2018.06.01 file 2018-06-01
46 International Journal Sung-Min Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Hoe-Ryong Jung, Jong-Jin Park, "Method for a Simultaneous Determination of the Path and the Speed for Ship Route Planning Problems", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 157, pp. 301-312, 2018.06.01 file 2018-06-01
45 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Tae-Wan Kim, "Local T-spline Surface Skinning with Shape Preservation", Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 104, pp. 15-26, 2018.11.01 file 2018-11-01
44 Domestic Journal 전도현, 노명일, 함승호, 이혜원, “블록의 탑재 안전성을 위한 초기 평형 자세 탐색 방법 연구”, 대한조선학회 논문집, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 297-305, 2018.08.01 file 2018-08-01
43 International Journal Sung-Woo Park, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Seong-Hoon Kim, "Association Analysis of Piping Materials of an Offshore Structure Using Big Data Technology", Journal of Ship Production and Design, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 220-230, 2019.08.01 file 2019-08-01
42 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Nam-Kug Ku, "Coupled Analysis Method of a Mooring System and a Floating Crane Based on Flexible Multibody Dynamics Considering Contact with the Seabed", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 163, pp. 555-569, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
41 International Journal Hyun-Cheol Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Soon-Hung Han, "Passenger Evacuation Simulation of MV SEWOL Considering the Heeling Angle Change During Sinking", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 329-343, 2019.01.01 file 2019-01-01
40 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "Review of the Multibody Dynamics in the Applications of Ships and Offshore Structures", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 167, pp. 65-76, 2018.11.01 file 2018-11-01
39 International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Performance Analysis of an Active Heave Compensation System on an Offshore Supply Vessel Using the Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 26, No. 5 file 2018-10-01
38 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Taw-Wan Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "G1 Bezier Surface Interpolation with T-junctions at a 3-Valent Singular Vertex", Computer Aided Geometric Design, Vol. 67, pp. 79-95, 2018.12.01 file 2018-12-01
37 International Journal Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Analysis of Block Offloading Using Self-propelled Modular Transporters", Automation in Construction, Vol. 96, pp. 411-432, 2018.12.01 file 2018-12-01
36 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Woo Park, Do-Hyun Chun, Se-Hyun Myung, "Big Data-based Piping Material Analysis Framework in Offshore Structure for Contract Design", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 79-95, 2019.01.01 file 2019-01-01
35 International Journal Xing Li, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "A Collaborative Simulation in Shipbuilding and the Offshore Installation Based on the Integration of the Dynamic Analysis, Virtual Reality, and Control Devices", IJNAOE, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 699-722, 2019.07.01 file 2019-07-01
» International Journal Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Jun Lee, "Control Method for Path Following and Collision Avoidance of Autonomous Ships Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 293-310, 2019.08.01 file 2019-08-01
33 Domestic Journal 조영인, 오민재, 석영수, 이성준, 노명일, “딥러닝을 이용한 선형 설계 초기 단계에서의 저항 추정”, 한국CDE학회 논문집, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 1-8, 2019.06.01 file 2019-06-01
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