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Abstract In the last few years, researches on autonomous ships have attracted attention. One of the essential techniques required for autonomous ships is the awareness of surroundings, including detection and classification of objects. Although researches on computer vision regarding the classification of ship images are still making progress, it is challenging to encounter a lack of enough database that was adequately labeled for ship classification. In this study, data obtained from Singapore Maritime Dataset (SMD) and public datasets such as MARVEL, FleetMon, and VesselFinder were labeled and integrated into a unified dataset for further study for ship classification. The ship image dataset was classified into seven classes, including bulk carrier, container ship, cruise ship, naval surface ship, tanker, tug boat, and buoy. Subsequently, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) based on GoogleNet, VGG16, and ResNet were implemented for ship image classification, and a comparative test was done. As a result, the CNNs which were trained with the unified dataset showed high accuracy. The classification results were analyzed by the heatmap visualization with Grad-CAM, which indicates critical features best activating each class of ships, and further discussion was made.
Publication Date 2021-06-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category KCI

남권우, 노명일, 이혜원, 이원재, "자율 운항 선박을 위한 딥 러닝 기반 선박 이미지 분류 방법", 한국CDE학회 논문집, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 144-153, 2021.06.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
11 International Journal Seung-Min Lee, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Hye-Won Lee, "An Optimization Model of Tugboat Operation for Conveying a Large Surface Vessel", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
10 International Journal Jisang Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, “Quantitative Calculation Method of the Collision Risk for Collision Avoidance in Ship Navigation Using the CPA and Ship Domain”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2021.06.01 file 2021-06-01
» Domestic Journal 남권우, 노명일, 이혜원, 이원재, "자율 운항 선박을 위한 딥 러닝 기반 선박 이미지 분류 방법", 한국CDE학회 논문집, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 144-153, 2021.06.01 file 2021-06-01
8 International Journal Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Sung-Woo Park, Do-Hyun Chun, Myeong-Jo Son, Jeong-Youl Lee, “Operational Analysis of Container Ships by Using Maritime Big Data”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 438: 1-21, 2021.04.18 file 2021-04-18
7 International Journal Beom-Soo Kim, Min-Jae Oh, Jae-Hoon Lee, Yonghwan Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Study on Hull Optimization Process Considering Operational Efficiency in Waves", Processes, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 898.1-21, 2021.05.19 file 2021-05-19
6 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
5 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Ship Route Planning in Arctic Ocean Based on POLARIS”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 109297.1-14, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
4 International Journal June-Beom Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Prediction of Ship Power Based on Variation in Deep Feed-forward Neural Network”, International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 2021.08.07 file 2021-08-12
3 International Journal Won-Jae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Yeong-Min Cho, Nam-Sun Son, “Detection and Tracking for the Awareness of Surroundings of a Ship Based on Deep Learning”, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vo. 8, No. 5 file 2021-10-01
2 International Journal Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Min Lee, "Quasi-static Flooding Analysis Method of a Damaged Ship Considering Oil Spill and Cargo Load", accepted for publication in Journal of Ship Production and Design, 2021.12.10 2021-12-10
1 International Journal Min-Chul Kong, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Jeongyoul Lee, Jongoh Kim, Gapheon Lee, "Object Detection Method for Ship Safety Plans Using Deep Learning", Ocean Engineering, 2022.02.15 file 2022-02-15
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