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Abstract In the last few years, researches on autonomous ships have attracted attention. One of the essential techniques required for autonomous ships is the awareness of surroundings, including detection and classification of objects. Although researches on computer vision regarding the classification of ship images are still making progress, it is challenging to encounter a lack of enough database that was adequately labeled for ship classification. In this study, data obtained from Singapore Maritime Dataset (SMD) and public datasets such as MARVEL, FleetMon, and VesselFinder were labeled and integrated into a unified dataset for further study for ship classification. The ship image dataset was classified into seven classes, including bulk carrier, container ship, cruise ship, naval surface ship, tanker, tug boat, and buoy. Subsequently, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) based on GoogleNet, VGG16, and ResNet were implemented for ship image classification, and a comparative test was done. As a result, the CNNs which were trained with the unified dataset showed high accuracy. The classification results were analyzed by the heatmap visualization with Grad-CAM, which indicates critical features best activating each class of ships, and further discussion was made.
Publication Date 2021-06-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category KCI

남권우, 노명일, 이혜원, 이원재, "자율 운항 선박을 위한 딥 러닝 기반 선박 이미지 분류 방법", 한국CDE학회 논문집, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 144-153, 2021.06.01


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
172 International Journal Beom-Soo Kim, Min-Jae Oh, Jae-Hoon Lee, Yonghwan Kim, Myung-Il Roh, "Study on Hull Optimization Process Considering Operational Efficiency in Waves", Processes, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 898.1-21, 2021.05.19 file 2021-05-19
171 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Automation of Crane Control for Block Lifting Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", accepted for publication in Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, 2022.07.11 2022-07-11
170 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Donghun Yu, “Deep Reinforcement Learning-based Collision Avoidance for an Autonomous Ship”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 1-20, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
169 International Journal Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Optimum Arrangement Design of Mastic Ropes for Membrane-type LNG Tanks Considering the Flatness of Thermal Insulation Panel and Production Cost”, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 5 file 2020-05-16
168 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Lifting Simulation of an Offshore Supply Vessel Considering Various Operating Conditions", Advances in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 1-13, 2016.06.16 file 2016-06-16
167 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Chan-Young Lee, “Performance Analyses of Naval Ships Based on Engineering Level of Simulation at the Initial Design Stage”, IJNAOE, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 446-459, 2017.07.01 file 2017-07-01
166 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, “Case Study of Detection and Maneuvering Performance of Naval Ships Using Engagement Simulation of Engineering Level”, Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 247-273, 2017.09.01 file 2017-09-01
165 International Journal Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Lifting Off Simulation of an Offshore Supply Vessel Considering Ocean Environmental Loads and Lifting Off Velocity", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 181-198, 2015.09.01 file 2015-09-01
164 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Joo-Hyun Woo, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, et al., "Integrated Simulation of Virtual Prototypes and Control Algorithms of Unmanned Surface Vehicles Based on a Robot Operating System", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan) file 2021-09-03
163 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, "Review of the Multibody Dynamics in the Applications of Ships and Offshore Structures", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 167, pp. 65-76, 2018.11.01 file 2018-11-01
162 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, “Ship Route Planning in Arctic Ocean Based on POLARIS”, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 234, pp. 109297.1-14, 2021.08.15 file 2021-08-15
161 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Turnover Simulation Considering the Interferences between the Block and Wire Ropes in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 67, pp. 60-75, 2016.07.01 file 2016-07-01
160 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Block Erection Simulation Considering Frictional Contact with Wire Ropes", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 217, pp. 1-24, 2020.12.01 file 2020-12-01
159 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Underactuated Crane Control for the Automation of Block Erection in Shipbuilding", Automation in Construction, Vol. 124, pp. 1-28, 2021.04.01 file 2021-04-01
158 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Nam-Kug Ku, "Coupled Analysis Method of a Mooring System and a Floating Crane Based on Flexible Multibody Dynamics Considering Contact with the Seabed", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 163, pp. 555-569, 2018.09.01 file 2018-09-01
157 International Journal Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of the Wireline Riser Tensioner System for a Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 106, pp. 485-495, 2015.09.15 file 2015-09-15
156 International Journal Hyun-Cheol Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Soon-Hung Han, "Passenger Evacuation Simulation of MV SEWOL Considering the Heeling Angle Change During Sinking", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 329-343, 2019.01.01 file 2019-01-01
155 International Journal Jeong-Woo Hong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of Subsea Equipment Installation Using an Offshore Support Vessel Based on Flexible Multibody System Dynamics", Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Taiwan), Vol. 24, No. 4 file 2016-08-01
154 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Determination of the Optimal Operating Condition of the Dual Mixed Refrigerant Cycle for the LNG FPSO Topside Liquefaction Process", Computers and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 49, pp. 25-36, 2013.02.01 file 2013-02-01
153 International Journal Ji-Hyun Hwang, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Integrated Engineering Environment for the Process FEED of Offshore Oil and Gas Production Plants", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 49-68, 2012.03.01 file 2012-03-01
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