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Abstract One of the most commonly used pieces of equipment for lifting a load is the equalizer of a crane in shipbuilding production. The equalizer distributes the tension in wire ropes between the load and equipment equally. While the equalizer is composed simply of several fixed and moving pulleys, themechanismof an equalizer is not easy to adapt to physics-based simulations because only onewire rope is coiled around all of the pulleys. Thus, instead of the real mechanism of the equalizer, an alternative mechanism, such as stretching or shortening the initial lengths of the wire ropes, logically, has been used in previous simulations. In this study, a mass-less constraint-based wire rope is adopted to realize the real mechanism of the equalizer. The constant length constraint is used to realize one wire rope among the fixed and moving equalizer pulleys. We derive a discrete Euler–Lagrange (DEL) equation to represent the motion of a multibody system including the constraint wire ropes. The DEL equation is shown to be numerically stable for the case of linear holonomic constraints, such as the constant length constraint. Wetest several series of fixed and moving pulleys andmodel the equalizer based on the real mechanism. Finally, the equalizer based on the real mechanism is applied to two typical lifting cases in shipbuilding production. One is lifting a load using a Goliath cranewith three equalizers and the other is to use a floating cranewith one equalizer and two crawler cranes. As a result, the tensions in the wire ropes connected to the load are adjusted equally as the position of the moving pulleys and the orientation of the equalizer change.
Publication Date 2016-02-01
Role Corresponding Author
Category SCIE
Impact Factor 2.442

Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01


  1. Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, "Simulation of Load Lifting with Equalizers Used in Shipyards", Automation in Construction, Vol. 61, pp. 98-111, 2016.02.01

    CategoryInternational Journal
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  2. Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Sol Ha, "Multibody Dynamic Analysis of a Heavy Load Suspended by a Floating Crane with Constraint-based Wire Rope", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 109, pp. 145-160, 2015.11.15

    CategoryInternational Journal
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  3. Dong-Hoon Jeong, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, "Lifting Off Simulation of an Offshore Supply Vessel Considering Ocean Environmental Loads and Lifting Off Velocity", Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 181-198, 2015.09.01

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  4. Sol Ha, Tae-Sub Um, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, “A Structural Weight Estimation Model of FPSO Topsides Using an Improved Genetic Programming Method”, Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 43-55, 2017.01.01

    CategoryInternational Journal
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  5. Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, “A Thrust Allocation Method for Efficient Dynamic Positioning of a Semisubmersible Drilling Rig Based on the Hybrid Optimization Algorithm”, Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Vol. 2015, pp. 1-12, 2015.10.01

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  6. Hye-Won Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Sol Ha, "Dynamic Simulation of the Wireline Riser Tensioner System for a Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Based on Multibody System Dynamics", Ocean Engineering, Vol. 106, pp. 485-495, 2015.09.15

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  7. Ki-Su Kim, Myung-Il Roh, Sol Ha, "Expert System Based on the Arrangement Evaluation Model for the Arrangement Design of a Submarine", Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 42, No. 22, pp. 8731-8744, 2015.12.01

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  8. Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Jeong-Woo Hong, "Optimal Thrust Allocation for Dynamic Positioning of Deep-sea Working Vessel", Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 94-105, 2015.06.01

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  9. Sol Ha, Seong-Ho Seo, Myung-Il Roh, Hyun-Kyoung Shin, "Simplified Nonlinear Model for the Weight Estimation of FPSO Plant Topside Using the Statistical Method", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 603-619, 2016.09.01

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  10. Sol Ha, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Ho-Jin Hwang, "Multibody System Dynamics Simulator for Process Simulation of Ships and Offshore Plants in Shipyards", Advances In Engineering Software, Vol. 85, pp. 12-25, 2015.07.01

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  11. Nam-Kug Ku, Ara Jo, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Automatic Generation of Equations of Motion for Multibody System in Discrete Event Simulation Framework", Procedia Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 55-64, 2012.02.01

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  12. Nam-Kug Ku, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, "Crane Modeling and Simulation in Offshore Structure Building Industry", International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 278-284, 2014.06.01

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  13. Tae-Sub Um, Myung-Il Roh, "Optimal Dimension Design of a Hatch Cover for Lightening a Bulk Carrier", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 270-287, 2015.03.01

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  14. Nam-Kug Ku, Sol Ha, Myung-Il Roh, "Design of Controller for Mobile Robot in Welding Process of Shipbuilding Engineering", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 243-255, 2014.10.01

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  15. Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Response Simulation of an Offshore Wind Turbine Suspended by a Floating Crane", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 621-634, 2015.11.01

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  16. Nam-Kug Ku, Ji-Hyun Hwang, Joon-Chae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimal Module Layout for a Generic Offshore LNG Liquefaction Process of LNG-FPSO", Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 311-332, 2014.05.01

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  17. Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimal Scheduling of Block Lifting in Consideration of the Minimization of Traveling Distance While Unloaded and Wire and Shackle Replacement of a Gantry Crane", Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 190-200, 2010.06.01

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  18. Nam-Kug Ku, Ju-Hwan Cha, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "A Tagline Proportional-Derivative Control Method for the Anti-Swing Motion of a Heavy Load Suspended by a Floating Crane in Waves", Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, Vol. 227, No. 4, pp. 357-366, 2013.11.01

    CategoryInternational Journal
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  19. Myung-Il Roh, "Determination of an Economical Shipping Route Considering the Effects of Sea State for Lower Fuel Consumption", International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 246-262, 2013.06.01

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  20. Ji-Hyun Hwang, Nam-Kug Ku, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-Yeul Lee, "Optimal Design of Liquefaction Cycles of Liquefied Natural Gas", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 52, No. 15, pp. 5341-5356, 2013.03.01

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