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Abstract For the safe operation of a ship, it is necessary to detect and track nearby ships, called target ships, accurately. To track the target ships, Kalman filters (KF) have been widely used. However, when the system model of the KF, which predicts the motion of the system, may be different from the actual motion of the target ships, the accuracy could decrease. To solve this problem, the Interactive Multi-Model (IMM) method can be adopted, which follows several system models at the same time, but the number of system models that the IMM implements is limited. Therefore, a method that can analyze the actual dynamic behavior of the target ships and track accurately the target ships based on historical data is required. Recently, deep learning has been applied to tracking methods to solve existing problems and improve accuracy. For tracking, the Long-Short Term Memory (LSTM) method is being mainly applied and shows better performance in the marine environment where the motion characteristics of the target ships could change.
In this study, a tracking method based on deep learning is proposed to track nearby target ships. First, we construct a tracking filter using the LSTM-KF method, which combines LSTM and traditional KF. In the LSTM-KF, the system model and system noise of the KF are trained by previous data and predicted using deep learning. There is also a method of constructing an LSTM model that directly produces the track of the target ships as output data. After constructing the tracking filter using LSTM, the tracking filter is trained using the ship’s navigation data. In this study, the proposed method is compared with the tracking results using the traditional KF, and it was confirmed that it works effectively.
Publication Date 2022-11-06
Yeongmin Jo, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Donghun Yu, "A Ship Tracking Method under Dynamic Characteristic Changes with LSTM", Proceedings of G-NAOE 2022, Changwon, Korea, 2022.11.06-10

  1. Sol Ha, Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Dynamic Route Guidance for Evacuation, Escape and Rescue System at an Offshore Platform Considering Real-time Hazard Avoidance", Proceedings of the 28th Asian-Pacific TEAM 2014, Istanbul, Turkey

  2. Sun-Kyung Jung, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Min Lee, Ki-Su Kim, "Optimal Arrangement Method for Naval Surface Ship Considering the Stability, Operability, and Survivability", Proceedings of ICCAS 2017, Singapore, Singapore, 2017.09.26-28

  3. Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Jisang Ha, Il-Guk Woo, "Image-based Ship Detection and Classification for Unmanned Surface Vehicle Using Real-Time Object Detection Neural Networks", Proceedings of ISOPE 2018, Sapporo, Japan, 2018.06.10-15

  4. Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Youngsoo Seok, Won-Jae Lee, June-Beom Lee, Hyun Soo Kim, "Image-based Object Detection and Tracking Method for Ship Navigation," Proceedings of ICCAS 2019, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 89-92, 2019.09.24-26

  5. Sung-Kyoon Kim, Sol Ha, Seun-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, "Optimal Layout Method for Offshore Plant Topside Considering the Safey, Operability and Maintanability", Proceedings of IMDC 2015, Tokyo, Japan, 2015.5.11-14

  6. Sung-Min Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, "Determination of Economical Ship Route Using Simultaneous Optimization Method", Proceedings of ACDDE 2016, Jeju, Korea, 2016.10.25-28

  7. Sung-Min Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Ki-Su Kim, Seung-Ho Ham, Shin-Hyung Kim, Jin-Ho Hwang, "Lug Arrangement Design Based on the Optimization Technique and the Dynamic Analysis for Safe Block Lifting in Shipbuilding", Proceedings of ISOPE 2016, Rhodes, Greece

  8. Sung-Woo Park, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Seong-Hoon Kim, Won-Joon Lee, In-Il Kim, Chang-Yong Kim, "Estimation Model of Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator Using Public Data Based on Big Data Technology", Proceedings of ISOPE 2018, Sapporo, Japan

  9. Sung-Woo Park, Myung-Il Roh, Seong-Hoon Kim, Min-Jae Oh, "Material Requirements Planning of Offshore Structures Using Big Data Frameworks", Proceedings of ISCDE 2017, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, pp. 1-2, 2017.12.13-16

  10. Tae-Sub Um, Jeong-Hoon Park, Myung-Il Roh, "Determination of Optimal Principal Dimensions of the Hatch Cover for Lightening of a Bulk Carrier", Proceedings of ISGMA(International Symposium on Green Manufacturing and Applications) 2012, Jeju, Korea, pp. 1-7, 2012.08.27-29

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