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Abstract Developing a high-level autonomous collision avoidance system for ships which can operate in an unstructured and unpredictable environment is a challenging task. Especially in the congested sea areas, each ship should continuously make decisions to avoid collisions with many other ships in the busy and complex waterway. Furthermore, recent reports indicate that a large number of collision accidents at sea are caused by or related to human decision failures with lack of situational awareness and failure to comply with International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGs). In this study, we propose a robust and efficient method to collision avoidance problems of multi-ships based on the deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithm. The proposed method directly maps the states of encountered ships to an ownship’s steering commands in terms of the rudder angle using a deep neural network (DNN). This DNN is trained over multi-ships on rich encountering situations using the policy gradient based DRL algorithm. To handle multiple encountered ships, we classify them into four regions based on COLREGs, and only consider the nearest ship in each region. We validate the proposed method in a variety of simulated scenarios thorough performance evaluations. The result shows that the proposed method can find time efficient, collision-free paths for multi-ships. Also, it shows that the proposed method has excellent adaptability to unknown complex environments.
Publication Date 2019-09-24

Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Do-Hyun Chun, Sung-Jun Lee, "A Collision Avoidance Method of Multi-ships Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning Considering COLREGs", Proceedings of ICCAS(International Conference on Computer Applications in Shipbuilding) 2019, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 85-88, 2019.09.24-26


List of Articles
번호 분류 제목 Publication Date
363 Domestic Conference 이원재, 노명일, 이성준, 하지상, 석영수, 오민재, "선박 운항 시 주변 인지를 위한 물체 탐지, 추적 및 거리 추정 방법", 2019년도 대한조선학회 추계학술발표회, 경주, pp. 431, 2019.10.24-26 file 2019-10-24
362 Domestic Conference 하지상, 노명일, 이혜원, 은종호, 박종진, "실시간 AIS 데이터를 이용한 해상 충돌 회피 알고리즘 연구", 2019년도 대한조선학회 추계학술발표회, 경주, pp. 430, 2019.10.24-26 file 2019-10-25
» International Conference Luman Zhao, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Do-Hyun Chun, Sung-Jun Lee, "A Collision Avoidance Method of Multi-ships Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning Considering COLREGs," Proceedings of ICCAS 2019, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 85-88, 2019.09.24-26 file 2019-09-24
360 Domestic Conference 노명일, "스마트 함정의 구현을 위한 설계 기술 연구", 함정기술연구회 하계연구발표회, 진해, 2019.07.18-19 2019-07-18
359 Domestic Conference 오민재, 노명일, 김범수, 김용환, "선박의 운항 효율을 고려한 선형 변환 방법", 2019년도 대한조선학회 추계학술발표회, 경주, pp. 480, 2019.10.24-2019.10.25 file 2019-10-24
358 International Conference Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Seung-Ho Ham, "A Crane Movement Control for Stability of Block Erection Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning", MIM 2019, Berlin, Germany, 2019.08.28-30 file 2019-08-28
357 International Conference Do-Hyun Chun, Myung-Il Roh, Seung-Ho Ham, Hoon-Kyu Oh, Sang-Ok Lee, "Optimum Layout Design of Wedges of Panel for an LNG Tank Considering Amount of Resin Ropes", Proeedings of ISOPE 2019, Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. 1289-1292, 2019.06.16-21 file 2019-06-19
356 International Conference Min-Jae Oh, Myung-Il Roh, Young-Soo Seok, and Sung-Jun Lee, "Optimization of a Ship Hull Form using Deep Learning", Proceedings of ACDDE 2019, Penang, Malaysia, 2019.07.07-10 file 2019-07-08
355 International Conference Sung-Jun Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Min-Jae Oh, Youngsoo Seok, Won-Jae Lee, June-Beom Lee, Hyun Soo Kim, "Image-based Object Detection and Tracking Method for Ship Navigation," Proceedings of ICCAS 2019, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 89-92, 2019.09.24-26 file 2019-09-24
354 Conference Chairman Session 7 (Ship & Ocean Engineering), 2019년도 한국CDE학회 학술발표회, 횡성, 2019.01.23-26 2019-01-24
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